Star Names

Star names come from many different sources and cultures. Some of them are traditional names, used since ancient times, while others were given after a public campaign and vote in recent years. All official star names have been approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU), the only internationally recognized body that can assign names and designations to stars, planets, and other celestial bodies. Star names cannot be bought by individuals nor can they be sold or given by private organizations and commercial enterprises. Any names that have not been approved by the IAU have no validity.

NAMED STARS

There are currently 448 named stars (see the list below). All these names were formally approved in recent years, but most of them have been used for centuries.

Most traditional star names are Arabic in origin and many of them originated over a millennium ago, either on the Arabian Peninsula or in Arabic translations of Claudius Ptolemy’s Almagest, an astronomical and mathematical treatise written in Greek in the 2nd century CE. Many of these names were derived from Arabic descriptions found in the Almagest. Most of them refer to the stars’ positions in constellations. For instance, Deneb, Deneb Algedi, Denebola and Aldhanab, all derived from the Arabic word for “tail,” mark the tails of the celestial Swan (Cygnus), Sea Goat (Capricornus), Lion (Leo), and Crane (Grus, or formerly the Southern Fish, Piscis Austrinus), while Gienah and Aljanah, derived from the Arabic word for “wing,” mark the wings of the Raven (Corvus) and the Swan (Cygnus).

More recent names that have been widely adopted include the contractions such as Acrux (Alpha Crucis), Gacrux (Gamma Crucis) and Atria (Alpha Trianguli Australis), and the names given to the two navigational stars, Alpha Pavonis (Peacock) and Epsilon Carinae (Avior), that did not have proper names when the list of navigational stars was compiled by Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO) in the late 1930s.

Since a number of traditional names were used for multiple stars (e.g. Gienah was used both for Gamma Corvi and Epsilon Cygni) and many names referred to multiple star systems (e.g. Sirius, Procyon, Capella, Castor), it was important to standardise the use of these names for individual stars to avoid any confusion.

In 2016, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) formed a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN) to compile and catalogue the star names that have been commonly used throughout history and to approve unique names with standardised spellings. So far, the Group has officially approved names for 448 stars.

Both the old and the new names have their roots in the cultural and astronomical heritage of countries around the world. Traditional names that have historically been used for multiple star systems have been formally assigned only to the brightest components, while the names that are commonly used for companions, e.g. Sirius B, Procyon B, and Fomalhaut B, are not treated as official.

Since 2016, the Working Group on Star Names has released several bulletins with batches of approved names. The first bulletin, released in July 2016, contained a list of 125 names approved on June 30 and July 20, 2016. The second one, released in November 2016, included 102 names approved on August 21, September 12, October 5, and November 6, 2016. Most of the names released in the first two batches are traditional star names. In 2017, the WGSN announced 86 new names used in cultures around the world, including Chinese, Polynesian, Hindu, Australian Aboriginal, South African, and Mayan.

In December 2019, the names of 112 stars with confirmed exoplanets were announced at a press conference in Paris. The names come from 112 countries and are rooted in their cultures and histories. They were proposed during the IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaigns, launched as part of the International Astronomical Union’s 100th anniversary commemorations. The campaigns engaged direct participation of astronomy enthusiasts around the world, who proposed a total of 360,000 names. National committees in each country created shortlists of candidate names, which were then submitted to a public vote.

Below is the list of all the star names approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Along with the names, the table shows the stars’ Bayer, Flamsteed or catalogue designations, visual magnitudes, coordinates (right ascension and declination), and name meanings/origins. The constellation is also provided if the star does not have a Bayer or Flamsteed designation.

LIST OF STAR NAMES

Name Catalogue designationVmagRADec.
AbsolutnoXO-5 (Lynx)12.1307h 46m 51.9615s+39° 05′ 40.4606″
XO-5 was named after the fictional mystical substance in The Factory for the Absolute (Továrna na absolutno, 1922), a science fiction novel written by the Czech writer Karel Čapek. The star was named after a public nomination and vote. The proposal for the name came from the Czech Republic as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign. XO-5b, a gas giant planet orbiting the star, was named Makropulos. The name is a reference to Čapek’s play The Makropulos Affair (Věc Makropulos, 1922).
AcamarTheta1 Eridani A2.8802h 58m 15.67525s-40° 18′ 16.8524”
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase ākhir an-nahr, meaning “the end of the river.”
AchernarAlpha Eridani A0.4501h 37m 42.84548s-57° 14′ 12.3101”
The name has the same etymology as Acamar. It comes from the Arabic phrase ākhir an-nahr, meaning “the end of the river.”
AchirdEta Cassiopeiae A3.4600h 49m 06.29070s+57° 48′ 54.6758”
The origin of the name is unknown.
AcrabBeta1 Scorpii Aa2.5616h 05m 26.23198s-19° 48′ 19.6300”
The name is derived from the Arabic al-‘Aqrab, meaning “the scorpion.”
AcruxAlpha Crucis Aa1.3312h 26m 35.89522s-63° 05′ 56.7343”
The name is a contraction of the words Alpha and Crux.  It was coined by the 19th century American astronomy writer and cartographer Elijah Hinsdale Burritt.
AcubensAlpha Cancri Aa4.2608h 58m 29.2217s+11° 51′
27.723”
The name is derived from the Arabic al zubanāh, meaning “the claws.”
AdhaferaZeta Leonis Aa3.4310h 16m 41.41597s+23° 25′ 02.3221”
The name comes from the Arabic aḍ-ḍafīrah, meaning “the braid” or “the curl.”
AdharaEpsilon Canis Majoris A1.5006h 58m
37.6s
-28° 58′
19”
The name is derived from the Arabic ‘aðāra’, meaning “virgins.”
AdhilXi Andromedae4.8701h 22m 20.41924s+45° 31′ 43.6003”
The name comes from the Arabic að-ðayl, meaning “the train (of a garment).”
AinEpsilon Tauri Aa13.5304h 28m
37.00s
+19° 10′
50”
Ain is Arabic for “eye.”
AinalramiNu1 Sagittarii A4.8618h 54m 10.17695s-22° 44′ 41.4247”
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase ain al-rāmī, which means “the eye of the archer.”
AladfarEta Lyrae Aa4.4319h 13m 45.48832s+39° 08′ 45.4801”
The name comes from the Arabic al-ʼuẓfur, meaning “the talons (of the swooping eagle).”
AlasiaHD 168746 (Serpens)7.9518h 21m 49.7827s−11° 55′
21.652″
Alasia is the first documented name of Cyprus, used in the 15th century BCE. The proposal for the name came from Cyprus as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 168746 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Onasilos, after an ancient Cypriot physician who was mentioned on the Idalion Tablet, the oldest legal contract in the world, dating back to the 5th century BCE.
AlbaldahPi Sagittarii A2.8819h 09m 45.83293s-21° 01′ 25.0103”
The name comes from the Arabic bálda, which means “the town.”
AlbaliEpsilon Aquarii 3.7820h 47m 40.55260s-09° 29′ 44.7877”
The name is derived from the Arabic albāli‘, meaning “the swallower.”
AlbireoBeta1 Cygni Aa3.0519h 30m
43.286s
+27° 57′
34.84”
The name comes from a mistranslation or type error of the Latin “ab ireo” in the 1515 Almagest.
AlchibaAlpha Corvi4.0212h 08m 24.81652s-24° 43′ 43.9504”
The name is derived from the Arabic al-xibā, meaning “the tent.”
Alcor80 Ursae Majoris3.9913h 25m 13.53783s+54° 59′ 16.6548”
The name comes from the Arabic al-Khawwar, which means “the faint one.”
AlcyoneEta Tauri A2.8503h 47m
29.077s
24° 06′
18.49”
The name comes from Greek mythology. Alcyone was one of the Pleiades, the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione.
AldebaranAlpha Tauri0.8704h 35m 55.23907s+16° 30′ 33.4885”
The name is derived from the Arabic al Dabarān, which means “the follower,” because the star appears to follow the Pleiades across the sky.
AlderaminAlpha Cephei2.4521h 18m 34.7715s+62° 35′
08.061”
The name is a contraction of the Arabic phrase al-dhirā‘ al-yamīn, which means “the right arm.”
AldhanabGamma Gruis3.0021h 53m 55.72620s-37° 21′ 53.4790”
The name comes from the Arabic al-dhanab, meaning “the tail,” and refers to the tail of the Southern Fish (Piscis Austrinus).
AldhibahZeta Draconis A3.1717h 08m 47.19596s+65° 42′ 52.8634”
The name is the feminine form of the Arabic al-dhiʼb, “the wolf.”
AldulfinEpsilon Delphini4.0320h 33m 12.77192s+11° 18′ 11.7412”
The name comes from the Arabic phrase ðanab ad-dulfīn, meaning “the dolphin’s tail.”
AlfirkBeta Cephei Aa   3.2321h 28m 39.59685s+70° 33′ 38.5747”
The name is derived from the Arabic al-firqah, which means “the flock.”
AlgediAlpha2 Capricorni3.5720h 18m 03.25595s-12° 32′ 41.4684”
The name comes from the Arabic al-jadii, “the goat.”
AlgenibGamma Pegasi2.8400h 13m 14.15123s+15° 11′ 00.9368”
The name is derived from the Arabic al-janb, meaning “the side.”
AlgiebaGamma1 Leonis2.6110h 19m 58.35056s+19° 50′ 29.3468”
The name comes from the Arabic Al-Jabhah, meaning “the forehead.”
AlgolBeta Persei Aa1  2.0903h 08m 10.13245s+40° 57′ 20.3280”
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase raʾs al-ghūl, which means “the head of the ogre.”
AlgorabDelta Corvi A2.9412h 29m 51.85517s-16° 30′ 55.5515”
The name comes from the Arabic al-ghuraab, meaning “the crow.”
AlhenaGamma Geminorum Aa1.9306h 37m 42.71050s-16° 23′ 57.4095”
The name comes from the Arabic Al Han’ah, meaning “the brand,” and refers to the brand on the camel’s neck.
AliothEpsilon Ursae Majoris A1.7612h 54m 01.74959s+55° 57′ 35.3627”
The name comes from the Arabic phrase alyat al-hamal, meaning “the sheep’s fat tail.”
AlkaidEta Ursae Majoris1.8513h 47m 32.43776s+49° 18” 47.7602”
The name is derived from the Arabic qā’id bināt naʿsh, meaning “the leader of the daughters of the bier.” The word itself means “leader.”
AlkaluropsMu1 Boötis Aa4.3115h 24m 29.42836s+37° 22′ 37.7577”
The name comes from the Greek καλαύροψ (kalaurops), which means “a herdsman’s staff.”
AlkaphrahKappa Ursae Majoris A3.5609h 03m 37.52762s+47° 09′ 23.4890”
Alkaphrah is a corruption of the traditional name Alkafzah, derived from the Arabic al-qafzah, meaning “the leap.”
AlkarabUpsilon Pegasi4.4023h 25m 22.78350s+23° 24′ 14.7606”
Alkarab is derived from the star’s traditional Arabic name, Al Karab, which means “the bucket-rope.”
AlkesAlpha Crateris4.0710h 59m 46.46486s-18° 17’ 55.6172’’
The name comes from the Arabic alkās, meaning “the cup.”
AlmaazEpsilon Aurigae2.92 – 3.8305h 01m
58.129s
+43° 49’
23.87’’
The name is derived from the Arabic Al Maʽaz, meaning “the billy goat.”
AlmachGamma Andromedae A2.1002h 03m 53.9531s+42° 19’ 47.009’’
Almach is the star’s traditional name, derived from the Arabic al-‘anāq, meaning “the caracal.”
AlnairAlpha Gruis1.7422h 08m 13.98473s-46° 57’ 39.5078’’
The name means “the bright one” in Arabic. It is derived from the phrase al-nayyir min dhanab al-ḥūt (al-janūbiyy), or “the bright one from the (southern) fish’s tail.”
AlnaslGamma2 Sagittarii  2.9818h 05m 48.48810s-30° 25’ 26.7235’’
The name comes from the Arabic word al-naşl, meaning “arrowhead.”
AlnilamEpsilon Orionis1.6905h 36m
12.8s
-01° 12’
06.9’’
The name is derived from the Arabic al-niẓām, meaning “the string of pearls.”
AlnitakZeta Orionis Aa1.7705h 40m 45.52666s-01° 56’ 34.2649’’
The name comes from the Arabic an-niṭāq, meaning “the girdle.”
AlniyatSigma Scorpii Aa12.8816h 21m 11.31571s-25° 35’ 34.0515’’
The name comes from the Arabic al-niyāţ, meaning “the arteries.”
AlphardAlpha Hydrae2.0009h 27m 35.2433s-08° 39’
30.969’’
The name is derived from the Arabic al-fard, meaning “the solitary one.”
AlpheccaAlpha Coronae Borealis2.2315h 34m
41.268s
+26° 42’
52.89’’
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase nayyir al-fakka, which means “the bright (star) of the broken (ring of stars).”
AlpheratzAlpha Andromedae Aa2.0600h 08m 23.25988s+29° 05’ 25.5520’’
The name comes from the Arabic phrase surrat al-faras, meaning “the navel of the mare.”
AlphergEta Piscium A3.61101h 31m 29.01026s+15° 20’ 44.9685’’
The name comes from the Arabic al fargh, meaning “the spout” or “the outpouring of water.”
AlrakisMu Draconis A5.6617h 05m 20.12403s+54° 28’ 12.0994’’
The name is derived from the Arabic al-rāqiṣ, meaning “the trotting (camel).”
AlreschaAlpha Piscium A4.3302h 02m 02.81972s+02° 45’ 49.5410’’
The name comes from the Arabic word for “the cord,” al-rishā’.
AlrubaHD 161693 (Draco)5.7617h 43m 59.17049s+54° 48’ 06.1637’’
The name comes from the Arabic Al Rubaʽ, meaning “the foal” (referring to a young camel born in the spring).
AlsafiSigma Draconis4.67419h 32m 21.59026s+69° 39’ 40.2354’’
The name is derived from an erroneous transcription of the Arabic word Athāfiyy, designating the tripods of nomads’ open-air kitchens.
Alsciaukat31 Lyncis4.2508h 22m 50.11000s+43° 11’ 17.2724’’
The name comes from the Arabic word aš-šawkat, meaning “the thorn.”
AlsephinaDelta Velorum Aa1.9908h 44m
42.226s
-54° 42’
31.76’’
The name is derived from the Arabic word al-safīnah, “the ship.” It refers to the ancient Greek constellation Argo Navis, which represented the ship of the Argonauts and has been divided into three smaller constellations – Carina, Puppis and Vela – due to its enormous size.
AlshainBeta Aquilae A3.8719h 55m 18.79256s+06° 24’ 24.3425’’
The name comes from the Perso-Arabic word aš-šāhīn, meaning “the (peregrine) falcon.”
AlshatNu Capricorni A4.7620h 20m 39.81562s-12° 45’ 32.6844’’
The name is derived from the Arabic aš-šā[t], meaning “the sheep.”
AltairAlpha Aquilae 0.7619h 50m 46.99855s+08° 52’ 05.9563’’
The name comes from the Arabic phrase an-nasr aṭ-ṭāʼir, meaning “the flying eagle.”
AltaisDelta Draconis3.0719h 12m 33.30197s+67° 39’ 41.5456’’
The name comes from the Arabic Al Tāis, meaning “the goat.”
AlterfLambda Leonis4.3209h 31m 43.22754s+22° 58’ 04.6904’’
The name is derived from the Arabic aṭ-ṭarf, meaning “the view” and referring to the view of a lion.
AludraEta Canis Majoris2.4507h 24m 05.70228s-29° 18’ 11.1798’’
The name comes from the Arabic word al-adhraa, meaning “the virgin.”
Alula AustralisXi Ursae Majoris Aa4.4111h 18m
10.902s
+31° 31’
44.98’’
The word Alula comes from the Arabic phrase Al Ḳafzah al Ūla, meaning “the first spring” and Australis is Latin for “southern.”  The name refers to an asterism known as Three Leaps of the Gazelle, formed by three pairs of stars in Ursa Major.
Alula BorealisNu Ursae Majoris3.4911h 18m 28.73664s+33° 05’ 39.5107’’
The word Alula comes from the Arabic phrase Al Ḳafzah al Ūla, meaning “the first spring” and the word Australis is Latin for “northern.”  The name refers to an asterism known as Three Leaps of the Gazelle, formed by three pairs of stars in Ursa Major.
AlyaTheta Serpentis A 4.6218h 56m
13.18s
+04° 12’
12.9’’
The name is derived from the Arabic word alyah, which means “the fat tail (of a sheep).”
AlzirrXi Geminorum3.3506h 45m 17.36432s+12° 53’ 44.1311’’
Alzirr is derived from the Arabic al-zirr, meaning “the button.”
AljanahEpsilon Cygni Aa2.4820h 46m 12.68236s+33° 58’ 12.9250’’
The name shares the same origin as Gienah. It is derived from the Arabic al janāħ, meaning “the wing.”
AmadiohaHD 43197 (Canis Major)8.9506h 13m 35.6615s–29° 53′
50.169″
The star was named after Amadioha, the god of thunder, justice and peace in Igbo mythology. The proposal for the name came from Nigeria as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 43197 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Equiano, in honour of Olaudah Equiano, an 18th century author and abolitionist from Ihiala, Nigeria.
AmansinayaWASP-34 (Crater) 10.2811h 01m 35.8979s–23° 51′
38.385″
The star was named after Aman Sinaya, the deity of the ocean in Tagalog mythology. The proposal for the name came from the Philippines as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-34 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Haik, after the god that succeeded Aman Sinaya.
AnadoluWASP-52 (Pegasus)12.023h 13m 58.7575814237s+08° 45’ 40.571306719’’
The proposal for the name came from Turkey as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Anadolu is the Turkish form of Anatolia, the region also known as Asia Minor. WASP-52 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Göktürk, after the first state established in Turkey in the 5th century CE.
AnchaTheta Aquarii4.17522h 16m 50.03635s-07° 46’ 59.8480’’
Ancha means “haunch” in Medieval Latin.
AngetenarTau2 Eridani4.7802h 51m 02.32186s-21° 00’ 14.4654’’
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase Al Ḥināyat an-Nahr, which means “the bend in the river.” The river in question is represented by the constellation Eridanus.
Aniara HD 102956 (Ursa Major) 8.0011h 51m 22.5110868941s+57° 38’ 26.642691616’’
The star was named after a spaceship in the science fiction poem Aniara, written by the Swedish poet and author Harry Martinson. The proposal for the name came from Sweden as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 102956 b, a planet orbiting the star, was names Isagel, after the pilot of the spaceship in the poem.
AnkaaAlpha Phoenicis2.37700h 26m 17.05140s-42° 18’ 21.5539’’
The name comes from the Arabic word for the phoenix, al-ʽanqāʼ. Ankaa is the brightest star in the constellation Phoenix.
AnserAlpha Vulpeculae4.4019h 28m
42.330s
+24° 39’
53.65’’
The name is Latin for “goose.” It comes from the old name for the constellation Vulpecula, Vulpecula cum Ansere, which means “the little fox with the goose.”
AntaresAlpha Scorpii A   0.6 – 1.616h 29m 24.45970s-26° 25’ 55.2094’’
The name comes from the Ancient Greek Ἀντάρης, which means “rival to Ares.” It is a reference to the star’s red colour, similar to that of the planet Mars.
ArcalisHD 131496 (Boötes) 7.9614h 53m 23.0283s+18° 14′
07.471″
The proposal for the name came from Andorra as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Arcalis is the name of a peak in northern Andorra that was used as a primitive solar calendar by the early inhabitants of Andorra. HD 131496 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Madriu, after a glacial valley and a river that runs through it in south-eastern Andorra.
ArcturusAlpha Boötis-0.0514h 15m
39.7s
+19° 10’
56’’
Arcturus comes from the Ancient Greek Ἀρκτοῦρος (Arktouros), which means “the guardian of the bear.”  The bear in question is represented by the constellation Ursa Major.
Arkab PosteriorBeta2 Sagittarii4.2919h 23m 13.13745s-44° 47’ 59.2051’’
Arkab comes from the Arabic word Al ‘Urkub, meaning “Achilles tendon,” and Posterior is Latin for “rear.”
Arkab PriorBeta1 Sagittarii  3.9619h 22m 38.29770s-44° 27’ 32.2458’’
Arkab comes from the Arabic word Al ‘Urkub, meaning “Achilles tendon,” and Prior is Latin for “foremost” or “front.”
ArnebAlpha Leporis A  2.58905h 32m 43.81612s-17° 49’ 20.2414’’
The name comes from the Arabic arnab, meaning “hare.” Arneb is the brightest star in the constellation Lepus, the Hare.
AscellaZeta Sagittarii A2.5919h 02m 36.73024s-29° 52’ 48.2279’’
The name means “armpit” in Late Latin.
Asellus AustralisDelta Cancri Aa3.9408h 44m 41.09921s+18° 09’ 15.5034’’
The name means “the southern donkey colt” in Latin.
Asellus BorealisGamma Cancri Aa4.65208h 43m 17.14820s+21° 28’ 06.6008’’
The name is Latin for “the northern donkey colt.”
AshleshaEpsilon Hydrae A3.4908h 46m 46.51223s+06° 25’ 07.6855’’
The star was named after a lunar mansion, Āśleṣā, in Hindu astronomy. The name means “the embrace” in Sanskrit.
AspidiskeIota Carinae2.2109h 17m 05.40686s-59° 16’ 30.8353’’
Aspidiske is the Greek word for “little shield.”
Asterope21 Tauri A5.7603h 45m 54.47676s+24° 33’ 16.2418’’
Asterope was named after one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology.
AtakorakaWASP-64 (Canis Major) 12.2906h 44m 27.6052132708s-32° 51’ 30.178710998’’
The proposal for the name came from Togo as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Atakoraka is the largest mountain range in Togo. WASP-64 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Agouto, after the highest mountain in the country.
AthebyneEta Draconis A2.7316h 23m 59.48594s+61° 30’ 51.1699’’
The name comes from the Arabic al-dhiʼbayn, which means “the wolves” and refers to two wolves sneaking up on the camel’s foal, represented by Alruba.
AtikOmicron Persei A3.8303h 44m 19.13204s+32° 17’ 17.6929’’
Atik is the Arabic word for “the shoulder.”
Atlas27 Tauri Aa3.6303h 49m 09.74258s+24° 03’ 12.3003’’
The star was named after the Titan Atlas, the father of the seven Pleiades in Greek mythology. It is one of the nine brightest stars in the Pleiades cluster (Messier 45).
AtriaAlpha Trianguli Australis1.9116h 48m 39.89508s-69° 01’ 39.7626’’
Atria is a contraction of the star’s Bayer designation, Alpha Trianguli Australis.
AviorEpsilon Carinae A1.8608h 22m 30.83526s-59° 30’ 34.1431’’
The name was given to the star by Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO) after the star was included on the list of the 57 navigational stars in The Air Almanac, a navigational almanac for the Royal Air Force (RAF). Avior was one of the two stars selected for navigation that did not have a proper name at the time. Peacock, Alpha Pavonis, was the other.
AxólotlHD 224693 (Cetus) 8.2323h 59m 53.8316s−22° 25′ 41.2159″
Axólotl is the native Nahuatl name for the Mexican walking fish, an amphibian endemic to Mexico. The proposal for the name came from Mexico as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 224693 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Xólotl, after the Aztec god of lightning and death, associated with Venus, the evening star.
AyeyarwadyHD 18742 (Eridanus)  7.9703h 00m 10.6565633983s-20° 48’ 09.374268084’’
The star was named after the largest river in Myanmar. The proposal for the name came from Myanmar as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 18742 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Bagan, after one of the country’s ancient cities located by the Ayeyarwardy river in the Mandalay Region.
AzelfafagePi¹ Cygni4.6621h 42m 05.66458s+51° 11’ 22.6415’’
The origin of the name is uncertain. It may be a corruption of the Arabic Al Thilf al Faras, meaning “the horse track,” or it may have come from Al ‘Azal al Dajajah, “the tail of the hen,” referring to the star’s position in Cygnus.
AzhaEta Eridani3.8702h 56m 25.64948s-08° 53’ 53.3221’’
The name comes from the Arabic phrase udḥiyy al-naʽām, meaning “the hatching place of the ostrich.” It refers to an old asterism that included the star. The name was miscopied as azḥā in medieval texts.
AzmidiXi Puppis Aa3.4507h 49m 17.65567s-24° 51’ 35.2305’’
The star was once known as Asmidiske or Azmidiske, but because the name was mis-spelled and stolen from Aspidiske (Iota Carinae), the International Astronomical Union (IAU) approved the name Azmidi for the star in June 2018.
Baekdu 8 Ursae Minoris6.8414h 56m
48.352s
+74° 54’
03.34’’
The star was named after the highest mountain on the Korean peninsula, located in North Korea. The proposal for the name came from South Korea as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. 8 Ursae Minoris b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Halla, after the highest mountain in South Korea, regarded as a sacred place.
Barnard’s StarV2500 Ophiuchi9.51117h 57m 48.49803s+04° 41’ 36.2072’’
The star was named after the American astronomer Edward Emerson Barnard, who measured its proper motion as 10.3 arcseconds per year in 1916. It was, and still is, the highest proper motion measured for any star.
Baten KaitosZeta Ceti Aa 3.74201h 51m 27.63482s-10° 20’ 06.1289’’
The name comes from the Arabic phrase batn qaytus, meaning “the belly of the sea monster.”
BeemimUpsilon³ Eridani3.9704h 24m 02.21725s-34° 01’ 00.6542’’
The star was known by the traditional names Beemim (or Beemin) and Theemin (or Theemin), but the origin of the names in uncertain. German astronomer Christian Ludwig Ideler suggested that Beemim may be derived from the Hebrew Bamma’yim, meaning “in the water.”
BeidOmicron¹ Eridani4.0404h 11m 51.93956s-06° 50’ 15.2864’’
The name is derived from the Arabic bayḍ, meaning “eggs.”
BelelHD 181342 (Sagittarius) 7.5519h 21m 04.2304s−23° 37′ 10.4513″
The proposal for the name came from Senegal as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Belel is a rare source of water in the northern part of the country. HD 181342 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Dopere, after a large historical area where Belel was located.
BélénosHD 8574 (Pisces)  7.1201h 25m 12.5156s+28° 34′ 00.1015″
The star was named after the god of the Sun, light and health in Gaulish mythology. The proposal for the name came from France as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 8574 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Bélisama, after the Gaulish goddess of fire, metallurgy and glasswork.
BellatrixGamma Orionis1.6405h 25m 07.86325s+06° 20’ 58.9318’’
The name comes from the Latin bellātrix, meaning “female warrior.”
BerehinyaHAT-P-15 (Perseus)  12.4104h 24m
59.534s
+39° 27’
38.31’’
The star was named after the Slavic hearth mother, goddess of the waters and protectress of the home. The proposal for the name came from the Ukraine as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-15 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Tryzub, after an ancient national symbol of the Ukraine and the country’s coat-of-arms.
BetelgeuseAlpha Orionis Aa0.5005h 55m 10.30536s+07° 24’ 25.4304’’
The origin of the name is uncertain, but it likely comes either from the Arabic phrase Ibṭ al-Jauzā’, meaning “the armpit of the central one” or from Yad al-Jauzā’, meaning “the hand of the central one.”
Bharani41 Arietis Aa3.6302h 49m 59.03324s+27° 15’ 37.8260’’
The star was named after a Hindu lunar mansion. The word bharaṇī means “the bearer.”
BibhāHD 86081 (Sextans) 8.7409h 56m 05.9185s−03° 48′ 30.3233″
The proposal for the name came from India as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Bibhā is the Benghali pronunciation of the Sanskrit word Vibha, which means “a bright beam of light.” HD 86081 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Santamasa, which is Sanskrit for “clouded,” and refers to the planet’s atmosphere.
BihamTheta Pegasi3.5322h 10m 11.98528s+06° 11’ 52.3078’’
The name comes from the Arabic phrase Sa’d al Bahaim, which means “good luck of the two beasts.”
Bosona HD 206610 (Aquarius) 8.3421h 43m
25s
-07° 24’
30’’
The proposal for the name came from Bosnia and Herzegovina as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Bosona is the name given to the territory of Bosnia in the 10th century. HD 206610 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Naron, which is one of the ancient names of the river Neretva in Herzegovina and Croatia.
BoteinDelta Arietis4.34903h 11m 37.76465s+19° 43’ 36.0397’’
The name is derived from the Arabic Al Buṭayn, the diminutive of Al Baṭn, which means “the belly.”
BrachiumSigma Librae A3.2915h 04m 04.21608s-25° 16’ 55.0606’’
Brachium is the Latin word for “arm.”
BubupHD 38283 (Mensa) 6.7005h 37m 02.01847s−73° 41′ 57.6320″
The proposal for the name came from Australia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Bubup is the Boonwurrung word for “child.” HD 38283 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Yanyan, which is the Boonwurrung word for “boy.”
Buna HD 16175 (Andromeda)  7.2802h 37m 01.9112s+42° 03′ 45.4696″
The proposal for the name came from Ethiopia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Buna is the commonly used word for coffee in Ethiopia. HD 16175 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Abol, after the first of three rounds of coffee in the Ethiopian traditional coffee ceremony.
BundaXi Aquarii A4.68221h 37m 45.10931s-07° 51’ 15.1299’’
The star was named after the Persian lunar mansion Bunda.
CanopusAlpha Carinae A  -0.7406h 23m 57.10988s-52° 41’ 44.3810’’
The origin of the name is uncertain. The star may have been named after Canopus, the pilot of Menelaus’ ship in Greek mythology, or the name may have been derived from the Egyptian Coptic Kahi Nub, meaning “Golden Earth.”  The star shares the name with an Ancient Egyptian town in the Nile Delta.
CapellaAlpha Aurigae Aa0.0805h 16m 41.35871s+45° 59’ 52.7693’’
The star’s traditional name is the Latin word for “small female goat.”
CaphBeta Cassiopeiae A2.2800h 09m 10.68518s+59° 08′ 59.2120″
The name is derived from the Arabic kaf, meaning “palm.”
CastorAlpha Geminorum Aa1.9307h 34m
35.863s
+31° 53′
17.79″
The star was named after Castor, one of the Dioscuri (Twins) in Greek and Roman mythology. The other twin is represented by the star Pollux.
CastulaUpsilon2 Cassiopeiae4.6200h 56m
39.905s
+59° 10′
51.80″
Castula is Latin for “petticoat.”
CebalraiBeta Ophiuchi2.74917h 43m 28.35265s+04° 34′ 02.2955″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase kalb al-rā‘ī, meaning “the shepherd’s dog.”
Ceibo  HD 63454 (Chamaeleon)  9.4007h 39m
21.851s
−78° 16′
44.31″
The star was named after the native tree of Uruguay that gives rise to the national flower. The proposal for the name came from Uruguay as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 63454 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Ibirapitá, after a native tree that is characteristic of the country of Uruguay, also known as Artigas’ tree, after the national hero.
Celaeno16 Tauri  5.44803h 44m 48.2154s+24° 17′
22.093″
The star was named after one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology.
CervantesMu Arae   5.1217h 44m 08.70114s−51° 50′ 02.5853″
The star was named after the Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra after a public nomination and vote. Its four known exoplanets were named Quijote, Dulcinea, Rocinante and Sancho, after Cervantes’ characters.
Chalawan47 Ursae Majoris5.0310h 59m
27.973s
+40° 25′
48.92″
The star was named after a mythological crocodile king from a Thai folktale. Two exoplanets orbiting the star, 47 Ursae Majoris b and 47 Ursae Majoris c, were named Taphao Thong and Taphao Kaew, after two sisters in a Thai folktale.
ChamukuyTheta² Tauri A (Theta Tauri Aa)3.8404h 28m 34.49603s+15° 57′ 43.8494″
The name means “small bird” in the Yucatec Maya language. The star is associated with the bird in the mythology of Maya peoples.
ChaophrayaWASP-50 (Eridanus)11.602h 54m 45.1342702056s-10° 53’ 53.026038098’’
The star was named after Chao Praya, the great river of Thailand. The proposal for the name came from Thailand as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-50 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Maeping, after one of the tributaries of Chao Praya.
CharaBeta Canum Venaticorum Aa4.2612h 33m 44.54482s+41° 21′ 26.9248″
The name originally applied to the “southern dog” of Canes Venatici, the Hunting Dogs. It is the Greek word for “joy” (χαρά).
ChasoňHAT-P-5 (Lyra) 11.9518h 17m 37.3129s+36° 37′
17.164″
The name is the ancient Slovak term for the Sun. The proposal came from Slovakia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-5 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Kráľomoc, which is an ancient Slovak term for the planet Jupiter.
ChechiaHD 192699 (Aquila)  6.4420h 16m 06.00415s+04° 34′ 50.8613″
The proposal for the name came from Tunisia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Chechia is the national headdress in the country. HD 192699 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Khomsa, after a palm-shaped amulet that is popular in Tunisia.
ChertanTheta Leonis3.32411h 14m 14.40446s+15° 25′ 46.4541″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase al-kharātān, meaning “two small ribs.”
CitadelleHD 1502 (Pisces) 8.3600h 19m 17.0663772928s+14° 03’ 17.121365380’’
The star was named after a large mountaintop fortress in Nord, one of the departments of Haiti, a UNESCO World Heritage site built after the country’s independence. The proposal for the name came from Haiti as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 1502 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Indépendance, in honour of the Haitian Declaration of Independence, proclaimed on January 1, 1804, when Haiti became the first independent black republic.
CitaláHD 52265 (Monoceros)  6.30107h 00m 18.0357s−05° 22′ 01.7785″
The proposal for the name came from El Salvador as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Citalá means “river of stars” in the native Nahuat language. HD 52265 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Cayahuanca, which is Nahuat for “the rock looking at the stars.”
CocibolcaHD 4208 (Sculptor)  7.7800h 44m 26.6507s–26° 30′ 56.4582″
The proposal for the name came from Nicaragua as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Cocibolca is the Nahualt name for the largest lake in Central America, situated in Nicaragua. HD 4208 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Xolotlan, which is the Nahualt name for the second largest lake in the country.
Copernicus55 Cancri A  5.9508h 52m 35.8113s+28° 19′
50.957″
The star was named after the astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus after a public nomination and vote. Its five discovered planets were named Galileo, Brahe, Lipperhey, Janssen and Harriot, honouring the astronomers Galileo Galilei, Tycho Brahe and Thomas Harriot, and telescope makers Hans Lipperhey and Zacharias Janssen.
Cor CaroliAlpha2 Canum Venaticorum 2.8912h 56m 01.66622s+38° 19′ 06.1541″
The star was named either in honour of King Charles I of England or his son Charles II. The name means “Charles’ heart.”
CujamOmega Herculis A4.5816h 25m 24.95425s+14° 01′ 59.7711″
Cujam is Latin for “club.” The star marks the club of Hercules.
CursaBeta Eridani2.79605h 07m 50.98549s−05° 05′ 11.2055″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase Al Kursiyy al Jauzah, meaning “the footstool of the Central One,” referring to the constellation Orion.
DabihBeta Capricorni Aa3.0520h 21m
00.7s
−14° 46′
53″
The name comes from the Arabic al-dhābiḥ, meaning “the butcher.”
DalimAlpha Fornacis A3.8503h 12m 04.5277s–28° 59′
15.425″
The name comes from the Arabic al-ẓalīm, meaning “ostrich.”
DenebAlpha Cygni  1.2520h 41m
25.9s
+45° 16′
49″
The name is the Arabic word for “tail.” It is derived from the phrase Dhanab al-Dajājah, meaning “the tail of the hen.” The star marks the tail of the Swan (Cygnus).
Deneb AlgediDelta Capricorni Aa2.8521h 47m 02.44424s−16° 07′ 38.2335″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase ðanab al-jady, meaning “the tail of the goat.”
DenebolaBeta Leonis2.11311h 49m 03.57834s+14° 34′ 19.4090″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase ðanab al-asad, meaning “the tail of the lion.”
DiademAlpha Comae Berenices A4.8513h 09m
59.285s
+17° 31′
46.04″
Dingolay HD 96063 (Leo)  8.3711h 04m 44.4547168894s-02° 30’ 47.585593948’’
The proposal for the name came from Trinidad and Tobago as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Dingolay means to dance, twist and turn in elaborate movements. HD 96063 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Ramajay, which means to sing and make music in a steelpan style. Both names symbolize the culture and language of the ancestors of the people of Trinidad and Tobago.
DiphdaBeta Ceti2.0200h 43m 35.37090s–17° 59′ 11.7827″
Diphda is the Arabic word for “frog.” The name comes from the phrase aḍ-ḍifdaʿ aṯ-ṯānī, meaning “the second frog.”
DìwöWASP-17 (Scorpius)  11.515h 59m 50.9473s−28° 03′
42.327″
The proposal for the name came from Costa Rica as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Dìwö means “the sun” in Bribri language. WASP-17 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Ditsö̀, which is the name that the god Sibö̀ gave to the first Bribri people.
Diya WASP-72 (Fornax)  10.8802h 44m
09s
-30° 10’
08’’
The star was named after an oil lamp brought to Mauritius by Indian ancestors in the 1820s. The lamp is used for special occasions, such as the light festival of Diwali. The proposal for the name came from Mauritius as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-72 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Cuptor, after a traditional clay oven that was once commonly used in the country.
Dofida HD 117618 (Centaurus)  7.1713h 32m 25.55543s–47° 16′ 16.9091″
The proposal for the name came from Indonesia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Dofida means “our star” in Nias language. HD 117618 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Noifasui, which means “revolve around” in Nias language.
DombayHAT-P-3 (Ursa Major)  11.57713h 44m 22.5939s+48° 01′ 43.2063″
The star was named after a resort region in the North Caucasus mountains that is enclosed by mountain forests and rich wildlife, including bears (a reference to Ursa Major). The proposal for the name came from Russia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-3 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Teberda, after a mountain river in Dombay with a rapid water flow, symbolising the planet’s rapid motion around its host star.
DschubbaDelta Scorpii A     2.30716h 00m 20.00528s–22° 37′ 18.1431″
The name is probably derived from the Arabic Al Jabhah, meaning “the forehead” or “the front.”
DubheAlpha Ursae Majoris A  1.7911h 03m 43.67152s+61° 45′ 03.7249″
The name is Arabic for “bear.” It comes from the phrase żahr ad-dubb al-akbar, which means “the back of the Greater Bear.” The name refers to the star’s position in Ursa Major.
DzibanPsi¹ Draconis A4.5817h 41m 56.35536s+72° 08′ 55.8481″
The name comes from the Arabic Adh-Dhi’ban, meaning “the two wolves” or “the two jackals.”
Ebla HD 218566 (Pisces)  8.62823h 09m 10.72771s−02° 15′ 38.6775″
The star was named after one of the earliest kingdoms in Syria. The proposal for the name came from Syria as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 218566 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Ugarit, after a city where scribes devised the Ugaritic alphabet around 1400 BCE.
EdasichIota Draconis3.2915h 24m 55.77463s+58° 57′ 57.8344″
The name comes from the Arabic Al Ḍhiba’ or Al dhīlī, meaning “male hyena.” Iota Draconis b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Hypatia, after the Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician.
Electra17 Tauri     3.7003h 44m 52.53688s+24° 06′ 48.0112″
The star was named after one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology.
ElgafarPhi Virginis A4.8114h 28m 12.13894s−02° 13′ 40.6579″
The name comes from the Arabic al-ghafr, an Arabic lunar mansion consisting of Phi, Iota and Kappa Virginis.
ElkurudTheta Columbae5.0206h 07m 31.63216s−37° 15′ 10.5114″
The name comes from the Arabic word al-furūd, meaning “the solitary ones,” used by early Arab poets to describe a number of anonymous stars.
ElnathBeta Tauri Aa     1.6505h 26m 17.51312s28° 36′
26.8262″
The name is derived from the Arabic an-naţħ, referring to the bull’s horns. Elnath marks the tip of the Bull’s northern horn.
EltaninGamma Draconis2.2317h 56m 36.36988s+51° 29′ 20.0242″
The name comes from the Arabic At-Tinnin, meaning “the great serpent.”
Emiw HD 7199 (Tucana) 8.0601h 10m 47.22139s−66° 11′ 17.3901″
The proposal for the name came from Mozambique as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Emiw represents love in the local Makhuwa language of the northern region of Mozambique. HD 7199 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Hairu, which represents unity in Makhuwa language.
Enif Epsilon Pegasi2.39921h 44m 11.15614s+09° 52′ 30.0311″
The name comes from the Arabic word for “nose.” The star marks the muzzle of Pegasus.
ErraiGamma Cephei Aa3.2123h 39m
20.852s
+77° 37′
56.19″
The name comes from the Arabic ar-rā‘ī, “the shepherd.”
Fafnir42 Draconis A  4.8218h 25m 59.13734s+65° 33′ 48.5288″
The star was named after a Norse mythological dwarf who turned into a dragon. It also shares the name with a fictional planet in Larry Niven’s universe. 42 Draconis b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Orbitar, which is a contrived word honouring NASA’s space launch and orbital operations.
FangPi Scorpii Aa2.8915h 58m 51.11324s−26° 06′ 50.7886″
Fang comes from the Chinese name for the star, 房宿一 (Fáng Xiù yī), meaning “the First Star of Room.” The Chinese Room asterism is formed by Pi Scorpii, Rho Scorpii, Delta Scorpii, Beta¹ Scorpii and Beta² Scorpii.
FawarisDelta Cygni A2.8719h 44m 58.47854s+45° 07′ 50.9161″
The name comes from the Arabic name al-Fawāris, meaning “the riders,” which applied to an asterism the star formed with three other Northern Cross stars: Zeta, Epsilon, and Gamma Cygni.
FelisHD 85951 (Hydra)  4.9509h 54m 52.20987s−19° 00′ 33.6949″
HD 85951 was the brightest star in the obsolete constellation Felis.
FelixvarelaBD-17 63 (Cetus)  9.6300h 28m 34.3061s−16° 13′ 34.8414″
The star was named after Felix Varela (1788–1853), the first person to teach science in Cuba at the San Carlos and San Ambrosio Seminary. The proposal for the name came from Cuba as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. BD-17 63 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Finlay, after Carlos Juan Finlay (1833–1915), an epidemiologist recognized as a pioneer in the research of yellow fever.
FlegetonteHD 102195 (Virgo)  8.0711h 45m 42.29278s+02° 49′ 17.3262″
The star was named after the underworld river of fire in Greek mythology, mentioned in the Italian narrative poem Divina Commedia (Divine Comedy) by Dante Alighieri. The proposal for the name came from Italy as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 102195 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Lete, after the underworld river of oblivion in Greek mythology.
FomalhautAlpha Piscis Austrini A     1.1622h 57m 39.0465s−29° 37′
20.050″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase fam al-ḥūt (al-janūbī), which means “the mouth of the (Southern) Fish.”
FormosaHD 100655 (Leo)  6.4511h 35m 03.75298s+20° 26′ 29.5637″
The proposal for the name came from Taiwan as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Formosa is the historical name of Taiwan used in the 17th century, meaning “beautiful” in Latin. HD 100655 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Sazum, which is the traditional name of Yuchi, a Township in Nantou county, in which the famous Sun-Moon Lake lies. Sazum means “water” in the language of the aboriginal Thao people who live in the region.
Franz  HAT-P-14 (Hercules)  9.9917h 20m
28s
+38° 14’
32’’
The star was named after the character of the Austrian emperor in the film Sissi. The proposal for the name came from Austria as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-14 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Sissi, after Empress Elisabeth of Austria.
FuluZeta Cassiopeiae3.6600h 36m 58.28419s+53° 53′ 48.8673″
Fulu (附路) is the star’s traditional name in China. It means “auxiliary road.” The star stands alone in the Chinese asterism Auxiliary Road.
FumalsamakahBeta Piscium4.4023h 03m 52.61349s+03° 49′ 12.1662″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase fum al-samakah, meaning “the mouth of the fish.”
Funi HD 109246 (Draco) 8.7712h 32m
07s
+74° 29’
22’’
The proposal for the name came from Iceland as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Funi is an old Icelandic word for “fire” or “blaze.” HD 109246 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Fold, which means “earth” or “soil” in old Icelandic.
FurudZeta Canis Majoris Aa   3.02506h 20m 18.79204s–30° 03′ 48.1202″
The name comes from the Arabic al-furūd, meaning “the solitary ones.” It was used by early Arab poets for a number of anonymous stars.
FuyueG Scorpii3.2117h 49m 51.48081s−37° 02′ 35.8975″
Fuyue is the star’s traditional name in China. Fu Yue was a labourer who went on to become a high-ranking minister under the King Wu Ding of the Shang dynasty (1324-1265).
GacruxGamma Crucis1.6412h 31m 09.95961s−57° 06′ 47.5684″
The name is a contraction of the words Gamma and Crux.
GakyidHD 73534 (Cancer)  8.2408h 39m 15.8030s+12° 57′ 37.3485″
The proposal for the name came from Bhutan as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Gakyid means “happiness.” HD 73534 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Drukyul, which means “land of the thunder dragon” and has been the official name of Bhutan since the 17th century.
GiausarLambda Draconis3.8511h 31m 24.22075s+69° 19′ 51.8696″
Giausar is the star’s traditional name. It is derived from the Persian Ghāuzar, meaning “the tail of the dragon.” It refers to the “node” of the lunar orbit, where the Moon crosses the ecliptic to the south. In western astrology, the tail of the dragon is known as the south node.
GienahGamma Corvi A2.58512h 15m 48.37081s–17° 32′ 30.9496″
The name is derived from the Arabic word for “the wing” (al-janāħ) and comes from the phrase al-janāħ al-ghirāb al-yaman, which means “the right wing of the crow.” The name is a reference to the star’s position in the constellation Corvus, the Raven, even though in modern depictions of the constellation, Gienah marks the Raven’s left wing.
GinanEpsilon Crucis3.5812h 21m 21.60936s−60° 24′ 04.1291″
Ginan is the star’s traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern Territory of Australia. It refers to a dilly bag – the “Bag of Songs” in Wardaman creation mythology.
GloasWASP-13 (Lynx) 10.4209h 20m 24.7144s+33° 52′
56.700″
Gloas means “to shine” in Manx Gaelic. The proposal for the name came from the United Kingdom as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-13 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Cruinlagh, which means “to orbit” in Manx Gaelic.
GomeisaBeta Canis Minoris A  2.8907h 27m 09.04174s+08° 17′ 21.5368″
The name is derived from the Arabic al-ghumaisa’, meaning “the bleary-eyed (woman)” and comes from the phrase mirzam al-ghumaisa‘, which means “the girdle of the bleary-eyed one.”
GrumiumXi Draconis A3.7517h 53m 31.72962s+56° 52′ 21.5143″
The name is a corruption of the Latin word Grunnum, meaning “snout.” Ptolemy described the star’s position as being on the jawbone of the dragon (Draco).
GudjaKappa Serpentis4.0915h 48m 44.37676s18° 08′
29.6342″
Gudja is the star’s traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern Territory in Australia. It means “water goanna.”
Gumala   HD 179949 (Sagittarius) 6.2519h 15m 33.22990s −24° 10′ 45.6668″
The proposal for the name came from Brunei as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Gumala is a Malay word that refers to a magic bezoar stone found in snakes, dragons, etc. HD 179949 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Mastika, which means “gem,” “jewel,” “precious stone” or “the most beautiful” in Malay.
Guniibuu36 Ophiuchi A  5.0817h 15m
20.851s
−26° 36′
09.04″
The star was named after a mythological robin red-breast bird in the mythology of the Kamilaroi and Euahlayi Aboriginal peoples of New South Wales, Australia.
HadarBeta Centauri Aa0.6114h 03m 49.40535s–60° 22′ 22.9266″
The name means “the settled area” or “the settled land” in Arabic.
HaedusEta Aurigae3.1805h 06m 30.89337s+41° 14′ 04.1127″
The name means “kid” in Latin. The star represented one of the kids of Capella, the she-goat.
HamalAlpha Arietis2.0002h 07m 10.40570s+23° 27′ 44.7032″
The name is derived from the Arabic rās al-ħamal, meaning “the head of the ram.”
HassalehIota Aurigae2.6904h 56m 59.62109s+33° 09′ 57.9585″
The origin of the name is uncertain. It has been used for the star since the publication of Czech astronomer Antonín Bečvář’s Atlas Coeli (1951).
Hatysa Iota Orionis Aa2.7705h 35m 25.98191s–05° 54′ 35.6435″
The origin of the name is uncertain. It has been used for the star since the publication of Czech astronomer Antonín Bečvář’s Atlas Coeli (1951).
Helvetios51 Pegasi5.4922h 57m 27.9804s+20° 46′ 07.7822″
The name is Latin for “the Helvetian,” referring to the Celtic tribe that lived in the Swiss Plateau in ancient times. The star was named after a public nomination and vote. 51 Pegasi b, the first ever exoplanet discovered orbiting a main sequence star, was named Dimidium, which is the Latin word for “half” and refers to the planet’s mass of at least half the mass of Jupiter.
Heze Zeta Virginis A3.37613h 34m
41.591s
–00° 35′
44.95″
The origin of the name is unknown. It has been used for the star since the publication of Czech astronomer Antonín Bečvář’s Atlas Coeli (1951).
HoggarHD 28678 (Taurus) 8.5404h 31m
28s
+04° 34’
48’’
The star was named after the main mountain range in the Sahara Desert in southern Algeria. The proposal for the name came from Algeria as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 28678 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Tassili, after the UNESCO World Heritage site in the Sahara Desert, renowned for its prehistoric cave art and scenic geological formations.
HomamZeta Pegasi A  3.41422h 41m 27.72072s+10° 49′ 52.9079″
Homam is the star’s traditional name. It means “man of high spirit” or “lucky star of high minded.”
HornaHAT-P-38 (Triangulum)  12.5602h 21m
32s
+32° 14’
47’’
The star was named after the underworld in Finnic mythology. The proposal for the name came from Finland as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-38 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Hiisi, which is a term that originally denoted sacred localities and later came to represent evil spirits from Finnic mythology.
HunahpúHD 98219 (Crater) 8.0511h 17m 47.5531s–23° 58′ 31.4952″
The star was named after one of the twin gods who became the Sun in K’iche’ (Quiché) Mayan mythology. The proposal for the name came from Honduras as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 98219 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Ixbalanqué, after the other twin god, who became the Moon in K’iche’ Mayan mythology.
HunorHAT-P-2 (Hercules)  8.7116h 20m 36.3579s+41° 02′ 53.1090″
The star was named after the legendary ancestor of the Huns and the Hungarian nation. The proposal for the name came from Hungary as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-2 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Magor, after the legendary ancestor of the Magyar people and the Hungarian nation, and brother of Hunor.
IklilRho Scorpii Aa3.8615h 56m 53.07624s−29° 12′ 50.6612″
The name probably comes from the Arabic lunar mansion Iklil l (al-ʼiklīl) and means “the crown (of the forehead).”  The star was likely a part of the Iklil lunar mansion, along with Acrab, Dschubba, Fang, and possibly Jabbah.
IllyrianHD 82886 (Leo Minor)  7.6309h 35m 45.1840s+34° 46′
50.673″
The proposal for the name came from Albania as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Illyrians are an ancient people who inhabited the Balkans region (including Albania). HD 82886 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Arber, which is a term for the inhabitants of Albania during the medieval period.
ImaiDelta Crucis2.7912h 15m 08.71673s–58° 44′ 56.1369″
Imai is the star’s traditional name in the culture of the Mursi people in Ethiopia.
InquillHD 156411 (Ara)  6.6717h 19m
51.401s
–48° 32′
57.54″
The star was named after a character from the Inca legend Way to the Sun by the Peruvian author Abraham Valdelomar. The proposal for the name came from Peru as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 156411 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Sumajmajta, after Sumaj Majta, the other character in Valdelomar’s tragic love story.
IntanHD 20868 (Fornax)  9.9203h 20m 42.69389s−33° 43′ 48.3739″
The proposal for the name came from Malaysia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Intan means “diamond” in the Malay language (Bahasa Melayu). HD 20868 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Baiduri, which means “opal” in Malay language (Bahasa Melayu).
IntercrusHD 81688 (Ursa Major),
41 Lyncis
5.41309h 28m 39.9889s+45° 36′ 05.3353″
The name means “between the legs” in Latin style, referring to the star’s position in Ursa Major. It was given to the star after a public nomination and vote. HD 81688 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Arkas, after the son of Callisto in Greek mythology. Callisto was a nymph who attracted Zeus and became pregnant with his child. When Hera found out, she became furious and turned the nymph into a bear. Callisto is represented by the constellation Ursa Major.
Irena  WASP-38 (Hercules) 9.4216h 15m
50s
+10° 01’
57’’
The star was named after the leading character in the novel Under the Free Sun: A Story of the Ancient Grandfathers by Slovene writer Fran Saleški Finžgar. The proposal for the name came from Slovenia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-38 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Iztok, after the other leading character in the novel.
Itonda HD 208487 (Grus) 7.4821h 57m 19.8477s−37° 45′
49.037″
The proposal for the name came from Gabon as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Itonda, in the Myene tongue, corresponds to all that is beautiful. HD 208487 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Mintome, which, in the Fang tongue, is a mythical land where a brotherhood of brave men live.
Izar Epsilon Boötis A  2.3714h 44m 59.21746s+27° 04′ 27.2099″
The name comes from the Arabic izār, meaning “veil.”
JabbahNu Scorpii Aa 4.34916h 11m
59.740s
−19° 27′
38.33″
The name is believed to come from the Arabic Iklīl al Jabhah, meaning “the crown of the forehead.”
JishuiOmicron Geminorum4.9007h 39m 09.93286s+34° 35′ 03.6443″
Jishui is the star’s traditional Chinese name. Omicron Geminorum is the only star in the Chinese asterism 積水 (Jī Shǔi), Accumulated Water.
KaffaljidhmaGamma Ceti A  3.5602h 43m 18.03910s+03° 14′ 08.9390″
The name is derived from the Arabic al-kaf al-jaðmāʼ, meaning “the cut-short hand.” It originally applied to five stars: Gamma, Xi1, Xi2, Delta and Mu Ceti.
KalausiHD 83443 (Vela) 8.2409h 37m 11.8276s–43° 16′ 19.9326″
The proposal for the name came from Kenya as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Kalausi means a “very strong whirling column of wind” in the Dholuo language of Kenya. HD 83443 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Buru, which means “dust” in the Dholuo language of Kenya and is typically associated with windstorms.
KamuiHD 145457 (Corona Borealis)  6.5716h 10m 03.91437+26° 44′ 33.8937″
The proposal for the name came from Japan as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. The word Kamui denotes a supernatural entity possessing spiritual energy in the Ainu language. HD 145457 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Chura, which means “natural beauty” in the Ryukyuan/Okinawan language.
KangKappa Virginis4.1814h 12m 53.74538s−10° 16′ 25.3340″
Kang comes from the Chinese name for the Neck asterism (亢宿 – Kàng Xiù), formed by Kappa, Iota, Phi and Lambda Virginis.
Karaka HD 137388 (Apus) 8.7015h 35m
39.921s
−80° 12′
16.54″
The proposal for the name came from New Zealand as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Karaka is the word in the Māori language for a plant endemic to New Zealand that produces a bright orange, fleshy fruit. HD 137388 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Kererū, which is the word in the Māori language for a large bush pigeon native to New Zealand.
Kaus AustralisEpsilon Sagittarii A  1.8518h 24m 10.31840s–34° 23′ 04.6193″
Kaus comes from the Arabic qaws, meaning “bow,” and australis is Latin for “southern.” The star marks the southern tip of the Archer’s bow.
Kaus BorealisLambda Sagittarii2.8218h 27m 58.24072s−25° 25′ 18.1146″
Kaus comes from the Arabic qaws, meaning “bow,” and borealis is Latin for “northern.” The star marks the northern tip of the Archer’s bow.
Kaus MediaDelta Sagittarii2.7018h 20m 59.64354s−29° 49′ 41.1659″
Kaus comes from the Arabic qaws, meaning “bow,” and media is Latin for “middle.” The star marks the middle of the Archer’s bow.
KavehHD 175541 (Serpens) 8.0318h 55m 40.8840s+04° 15′ 55.1623″
The star was named after one of the heroes of the Shahnameh, an epic poem written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi between 977 and 1010 CE and considered the national epic of Greater Iran. The proposal for the name came from Iran as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 175541 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Kavian, after a banner carried by Kaveh, called Derafsh Kaviani (Derafsh: banner, Kaviani: relating to Kaveh).
KeidOmicron² Eridani A  4.4304h 15m 16.31963s−07° 39′ 10.3404″
Keid comes from the Arabic qayḍ, meaning “(egg)shells.”
KhambaliaLambda Virginis A 4.5214h 19m 06.59235s−13° 22′ 15.9459″
The name comes from the Greek χαμβαλια (khambalia), which was the name given to the lunar station the star belonged to in a Coptic manuscript list of lunar stations. The origin of the name is unknown.
KitalphaAlpha Equulei A  3.91921h 15m 49.43192s+05° 14′ 52.2430″
The name is a contraction of the Arabic phrase qiṭ‘a(t) al-faras, meaning “part of the horse.”
KochabBeta Ursae Minoris2.0814h 50m 42.32580s+74° 09′ 19.8142″
The origin of the name is uncertain. It may be derived from the Arabic al-kawkab or Hebrew kōkhāv, both meaning “star,” or from Alrucaba (Reicchabba in the Alfonsine Tables), a name that was also used for Polaris and either comes from the Arabic Al Rakabah, “the riders,” or from the Chaldee Rukub, meaning “vehicle.”
KoeiaHIP 12961 (Eridanus) 9.702h 46m
42.89s
−23° 05′
11.8″
The name is the word for “star” in the language of the Taíno indigenous people of the Caribbean. The proposal for the name came from Puerto Rico as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HIP 12961 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Aumatex, after the god of wind in the mythology of the Taíno people.
Koit XO-4 (Lynx) 10.67407h 21m 33.1602s+58° 16′
05.112″
The name is the Estonian word for “dawn.” The proposal came from Estonia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. XO-4 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Hämarik, which is Estonian for “twilight.”
KornephorosBeta Herculis Aa  2.8116h 30m 13.19955s+21° 29′ 22.6008″
Kornephoros is the Greek word for “club bearer.” It refers to Heracles.
Kraz Beta Corvi2.64712h 34m 23.23484s−23° 23′ 48.3374″
The origin of the name is unknown. It has been used for the star since the publication of Czech astronomer Antonín Bečvář’s Atlas Coeli (1951).
KurhahXi Cephei Aa  4.2622h 03m
47.455s
+64° 37′
40.71″
The name comes from the Arabic al-qurhah, translated as a white spot, or blaze, in the face of a horse.
La SuperbaY Canum Venaticorum4.86 – 7.3212h 45m
07.83s
+45° 26′
24.92″
The star was named by the 19th century Italian astronomer Angelo Secchi. The name means “the superb one.”
LarawagEpsilon Scorpii2.3116h 50m
09.8s
–34° 17′
36″
Larawag is the star’s traditional name in the culture of the Wardaman people of the Northern Territory of Australia. It means “clear sighting.”
LernaHAT-P-42 (Hydra)  12.1709h 01m
22s
+06° 05’
50’’
The star was named after the lake in the eastern Peloponnese where the mythical Lernaean Hydra lived. The proposal for the name came from Greece as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-42 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Iolaus, after the nephew of Heracles who helped the hero kill the Hydra.
LesathUpsilon Scorpii2.7017h 30m 45.83712s–37° 17′ 44.9285″
The name comes from the Arabic las’a, meaning “pass (or bite) of a poisonous animal.”
LibertasXi Aquilae A  4.72219h 54m 14.88184s+08° 27′ 41.2299″
Libertas is Latin for “liberty.” The constellation Aquila represents the Eagle, a popular symbol of freedom and fortitude. The star was named after a public nomination and vote. Xi Aquilae b, a planet orbiting the star, discovered in 2008, was named Fortitudo (“fortitude”).
LichPSR B1257+12 (Virgo)  13h 00m
01s
+12° 40′
57″
The pulsar was named after a fictional undead creature that can control other undead creatures with magic. The planets discovered orbiting the pulsar in 1992 and 1994 were named Draugr, Poltergeist and Phobetor. A draugr is an undead creature from Norse mythology, a poltergeist is a type of ghost that creates physical disturbances, and Phobetor (“the Frightener”) is one of the thousand sons of Somnus (the personification of sleep in Roman mythology and counterpart to the Greek Hypnos). In Ovid’s Metamorphoses, Phobetor appears in dreams as a beast, bird or long serpent.
LiesmaHD 118203 (Ursa Major) 8.0513h 34m 02.5394s+53° 43′ 42.6984″
The star was named after a character from the Latvian poem “Staburags un Liesma.” The word Liesma means “flame.” The proposal for the name came from Latvia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 118203 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Staburags, after another character from the same poem. The word itself denotes a rock.
Lilii Borea39 Arietis4.51402h 47m 54.54142s+29° 14′ 49.6132″
The star was described as Lilii Borea by the 18th century French astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille as one of the stars of the now obsolete constellation Lilium, the Lily. The name means “in the north of Lilium.” The star 41 Arietis, now formally named Bharani, was Lilii Austrina (“in the south of Lilium”). Both stars now belong to the constellation Aries.
LionrockHD 212771 (Aquarius)  7.6022h 27m 03.0722278619s-17° 15’ 49.163181595’’
The star was named after Lion Rock, the lion-shaped peak overlooking Hong Kong. The proposal for the name came from Hong Kong as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 212771 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Victoriapeak, after the Victoria Peak, the highest hill on Hong Kong island.
LucilinburhucHD 45350 (Auriga) 7.8806h 28m 45.7103s+38° 57′
46.667″
The star was named after the Lucilinburhuc fortress, built in 963 by the founder of Luxembourg, Count Siegfried. The proposal for the name came from Luxembourg as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 45350 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Peitruss, after the river Pétrusse in Luxembourg. The river’s bend around Lucilinburhuc fortress alludes to the orbit of the planet around its star.
LusitâniaHD 45652 (Monoceros) 8.1306h 29m 13.1919s+10° 56′ 02.0061″
The star was named after the ancient Iberian Roman province located where most of the modern-day Portugal lies. The proposal for the name came from Portugal as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 45652 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Viriato, after a legendary leader of the Lusitanian people who led the resistance against Roman invaders in the 2nd century BCE.
MaasymLambda Herculis4.40217h 30m 44.3099s+26° 06′
38.323″
Maasym comes from the Arabic miʽṣam, meaning “the wrist.”
MacondoHD 93083 (Antlia) 8.3310h 44m
20.914s
–33° 34′
37.28″
The star was named after the fictional village in the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude (Cien años de soledad) by the Colombian writer Gabriel García Marquez. The proposal for the name came from Columbia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 93083 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Melquíades, after one of the characters in the novel, who walks around Macondo, like a planet orbiting a star and connecting it with the external world.
Mago HD 32518 (Camelopardalis)6.43605h 09m 36.7201s+69° 38′ 21.8551″
The star was named after the Mago National Park in Ethiopia, noted for its giraffes (a reference to the constellation Camelopardalis, the Giraffe). The proposal for the name came from the pupils of the Max-Born-Gymnasium in Neckargemünd, Germany as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 32518 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Neri, after the river that runs through the Mago National Park.
MahasimTheta Aurigae A2.6505h 59m 43.27012s+37° 12′ 45.3047″
The name is derived from the Arabic al-miʽşam “the wrist.” It refers to the wrist of Auriga, the Charioteer.
MahsatiHD 152581 (Ophiuchus)8.5416h 53m 43.5825748619s +11° 58’ 25.491915200’’
The star was named after Mahsati Ganjavi, a 12th century Persian poetess, born in Ganja (Azerbaijan). The proposal for the name came from Azerbaijan as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 152581 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Ganja, after Azerbaijan’s second largest city and birthplace of many prominent Azerbaijani people, founded in 859-860.
Maia20 Tauri 3.87103h 45m 49.6067s24° 22′
03.895″
The star was named after one of the Pleiades sisters in Greek mythology.
MalmokWASP-39 (Virgo)  12.1114h 29m 18.4151765921s-03° 26’ 40.203046112’’
Malmok is an indigenous name of a beach in the northern part of Aruba. The proposal for the name came from Aruba as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-39 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Bocaprins, after the Boca Prins beach in the Arikok National Park on the east coast of Aruba.
MarfikLambda Ophiuchi A3.9016h 30m 54.8229s+01° 59′
02.123″
The name comes from the Arabic marfiq, meaning “the elbow.” The star marks the elbow of Ophiuchus, the Serpent Bearer.
MarkabAlpha Pegasi2.4823h 04m 45.65345s+15° 12′ 18.9617″
The name is either derived from the Arabic markab, meaning “the saddle of the horse,” or is a mistranscription of Mankib, which comes from the phrase Mankib al-Faras, meaning “(the star of) the shoulder of the horse,” referring to the constellation Pegasus.
MarkebKappa Velorum2.4809h 22m 06.81761s–55° 00′ 38.4017″
Markeb comes from the Arabic markab, meaning “something to ride.”
MárohuWASP-6 (Aquarius) 11.923h 12m 37.7380s−22° 40′
26.261″
The star was named after the Taíno god of drought and protector of the sun. The proposal for the name came from the Dominican Republic as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-6 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Boinayel, after the Taíno god of rain.
MarsicKappa Herculis A4.99416h 08m 04.52481s+17° 02′ 49.1150″
Marsic is one of the star’s traditional names, derived from the Arabic Al-Mirfaq, meaning “the elbow.” It shares a derivative of the name with Marfik, Lambda Ophiuchi A.
MatarEta Pegasi Aa   2.9522h 43m 00.13743s+30° 13′ 16.4822″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase Al Saʽd al Maṭar, meaning “the lucky star of rain.”
MebsutaEpsilon Geminorum3.0606h 43m 55.92626s+25° 07′ 52.0515″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase adh-Dhirāʿu l-Mabsūṭah, meaning “the outstretched paw.”
Megrez Delta Ursae Majoris3.31212h 15m 25.56063s+57° 01′ 57.4156″
The name comes from the Arabic al-maghriz, meaning “the base.” It refers to the star’s position at the base of the Great Bear’s tail.
MeissaLambda Orionis A  3.5405h 35m 08.27761s+09° 56′ 02.9611″
The name is derived from the Arabic Al-Maisan, “the shining one.”
MekbudaZeta Geminorum Aa  4.0107h 04m 06.53079s+20° 34′ 13.0739″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase adh-Dhirāʿu l-Maqbūḍah, meaning “the (lion’s) folded paw.”
MelephEpsilon Cancri Aa6.2908h 40m 27.01052s+19° 32′ 41.3133″
The name comes from the Arabic Al Ma᾽laf, “the stall.”
MenkalinanBeta Aurigae Aa   1.9005h 59m 31.72293s+44° 56′ 50.7573″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase mankib ðī-l-‘inān, which means “the shoulder of the rein-holder.”  It refers to the star’s position in the constellation Auriga, the Charioteer.
MenkarAlpha Ceti  2.5303h 02m 16.77307s+04° 05′ 23.0596″
The name comes from the Arabic word manħar, meaning “nostril.” It refers to the nostril of Cetus.
MenkentTheta Centauri2.0614h 06m 40.94752s–36° 22′ 11.8371″
The name was derived from the Arabic word for “shoulder.” It refers to the shoulder of the Centaur.
MenkibXi Persei4.0403h 58m 57.90229s+35° 47′ 27.7132″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase Mankib al Thurayya, meaning “the shoulder (of the Pleiades).”
MerakBeta Ursae Majoris2.3711h 01m 50.47654s+56° 22′ 56.7339″
The name comes from the Arabic al-maraqq, meaning “the loins.” It refers to the star’s position at the loins of the Great Bear.
Merga38 Boötis5.7614h 49m 18.67062s+46° 06′ 58.3369″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase al-mar’ah al-musalsalah, meaning “the chained woman.”
MeridianaAlpha Coronae Australis4.10219h 09m 28.34097s–37° 54′ 16.1022″
Mediana comes from the star’s traditional name, Alphekka Meridiana, or the “southern Alphekka” (referring to Alphecca, the brightest star in the northern constellation Corona Borealis). Alphekka is derived from the phrase nayyir al-fakka “the bright one of the broken (ring of stars).”
Merope23 Tauri Aa4.1803h 46m 19.57384s23° 56′
54.0812″
The name comes from Greek mythology. Merope was one of the seven Pleiades sisters, daughters of Pleione and Atlas.
MesarthimGamma2 Arietis A4.7501h 53m 31.81479s+19° 17′ 37.8790″
The name has been associated with the Hebrew mᵉshārᵉthīm, meaning “servants” and the Arabic al-Muthartim, meaning “the extremely fat ram.” However, it is believed to be a corruption of the name Sheratan, which the star once shared with the nearby Beta Arietis. Sheratan is derived from the Arabic aš-šaraţān, meaning “the two signs.” It refers to the two stars marking the northern spring equinox, which they did in ancient times. The name Sheratan was corrupted into Sartai in the Middle Ages and the German astronomer Johann Bayer mistook Sartai for the Hebrew word for “servants.” The name Mesarthim was adopted for Gamma Arietis by later scholars, while Beta Arietis kept the name Sheratan.
MiaplacidusBeta Carinae 1.6909h 13m 11.97746s−69° 43′ 01.9473″
The name is believed to be a combination of Arabic miyāh, “waters,” and Latin placidus, “placid.”
MimosaBeta Crucis1.2512h 47m 43.26877s–59° 41′ 19.5792″
The origin of the name is unclear. The name is Latin for “mime” or “actor,” but the star may have been named after the flowering plant of the same name.
MinchirSigma Hydrae4.4808h 38m 45.43747s+03° 20′ 29.1701″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase minkhar ash-shujāʽ, which means “the nostril of Hydra” or “the nostril of the snake.”
MinelauvaDelta Virginis3.3912h 55m 36.20861s+03° 23′ 50.8932″
The star’s traditional name comes from the Arabic min al-ʽawwāʼ, meaning “in the lunar mansion of ʽawwaʼ (the barker).”
MintakaDelta Orionis Aa     2.2505h 32m 00.40009s−00° 17′ 56.7424″
Mintaka is derived from the Arabic manṭaqa, meaning “belt.” Delta Orionis is the westernmost star of the Belt of Orion.
MiraOmicron Ceti Aa   6.4702h 19m 20.79210s–02° 58′ 39.4956″
Mira is Latin for “wonderful.” The star was named by the Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius in his Historiola Mirae Stellae (1662).
MirachBeta Andromedae2.0501h 09m 43.92388s+35° 37′ 14.0075″
The name is believed to be a corruption of the Arabic miʼzar, meaning “waist cloth” or “girdle.” It refers to the star’s position at Andromeda’s left hip.
MiramEta Persei A  3.7902h 50m 41.80959s+55° 53′ 43.7876″
The origin of the name is unknown.
MirfakAlpha Persei1.80603h 24m 19.37009s+49° 51′ 40.2455″
The name means “elbow” in Arabic and comes from the phrase al-Mirfaq uth-Thurayyā.
MirzamBeta Canis Majoris1.98506h 22m 41.98535s−17° 57′ 21.3073″
The name is derived from the Arabic Al-Murzim, “the herald.” It refers to the star heralding (i.e. rising before) Sirius.
MisamKappa Persei Aa3.8003h 09m 29.77156s+44° 51′ 27.1463″
The name comes from the Arabic miʽṣam, meaning “wrist.”
MizarZeta Ursae Majoris Aa2.2313h 23m
55.543s
+54° 55′
31.30″
Mizar is derived from the Arabic miʼzar, meaning “covering.”
MoldoveanuXO-1 (Corona Borealis)  11.1916h 02m 11.8463s+28° 10′
10.420″
The star was named after the highest peak in Romania. The proposal for the name came from Romania as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. XO-1 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Negoiu, after the second highest peak in the country.
MönchHD 130322 (Virgo) 8.0514h 47m 32.7266s−00° 16′ 53.3059″
The star was named after a prominent peak of the Bernese Alps in Switzerland. The proposal for the name came from Switzerland as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 130322 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Eiger, after another prominent peak in the Bernese Alps in the Jungfrau-Aletsch protected area.
MontunoWASP-79 (Eridanus) 10.1004h 25m
29s
-30° 36’
02’’
The star was named after the traditional costume men wear in the Panamian El Punto dance. The proposal for the name came from Panama as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-79 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Pollera, after the women’s traditional El Punto costume.
MoravaWASP-60 (Pegasus) 12.1823h 46m
39.98s
+31° 09’
21.44’’
The star was named after the longest river system in Serbia. The proposal for the name came from Serbia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-60 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Vlasina, after one of the most significant tributaries of the South Morava river.
MoriahHAT-P-23 (Leo)  9.1011h 24m
17.359s
–01° 31′
44.66″
The proposal for the name came from Palestine as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Moriah is an ancient name for the mountain within the Old City of Jerusalem. A planet orbiting the star was named Jebus, after the ancient name of Jerusalem, used in the 2nd millennium BC.
MothallahAlpha Trianguli3.4201h 53m 04.90710s+29° 34′ 43.7801″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase raʼs al-muthallath, meaning “the head of the triangle.”
MouhounHD 30856 (Eridanus) 8.0704h 50m 17.8615215353s-24° 22’ 07.833647385’’
The star was named after the largest river in Burkina Faso. The proposal for the name came from Burkina Faso as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 30856 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Nakanbé, after the second largest river in the country.
Mpingo  WASP-71 (Cetus)  10.5601h 57m
03s
+00°45’
32’’
The star was named after a famous tree that grows in southern Tanzania and produces ebony wood used for musical instruments and curios. The proposal for the name came from Tanzania as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-71 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Tanzanite, after a precious stone mined in Tanzania.
MulipheinGamma Canis Majoris4.1007h 03m 45.49305s−15° 37′ 59.8300″
The name was derived from the Arabic ʼal-Muḥlifayn, which refers to “two things” and the “swearing of an oath.”
MuphridEta Boötis Aa   2.6813h 54m 41.07892s+18° 23′ 51.7946″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase mufrid ar-rāmiħ, meaning “the (single) one of the lancer.”
MuscidaOmicron Ursae Majoris A  3.3508h 30m 15.87064s+60° 43′ 05.4115″
Muscida is Latin for “muzzle.” Omicron Ursae Majoris marks the snout of the Great Bear.
Musica18 Delphini5.50620h 58m 25.9336s+10° 50′ 21.4261″
The star was named after a public nomination and vote. 18 Delphini b, a gas giant planet discovered orbiting it, was named Arion. Musica is the Latin word for “music” and Arion was a legendary ancient Greek poet and musician whose life was saved by dolphins that heard him playing his kithara. The names are a reference to the constellation Delphinus, the Dolphin.
MuspelheimHAT-P-29 (Perseus)  11.902h 12m 31.4784785872s+51° 46’ 43.562095527’’
The star was named after the Norse mythological realm of fire. The proposal for the name came from Denmark as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-29 b, a planet discovered orbiting the star, was named Surt, after the ruler of the fire giants and Muspelheim in Norse mythology.
NahnXi Cancri A  5.7009h 09m 21.53325s+22° 02′ 43.6053″
The name comes from the Persian Nahn, meaning “the nose.” It was the name of a Persian lunar asterism formed by Xi Cancri and Alterf (Lambda Leonis).
NalediWASP-62 (Dorado) 10.3005h 48m
33.59s
-63° 59’
18.3’’
The proposal for the name came from South Africa as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Naledi means “star” in the Sesotho, SeTswana and SePedi languages. The name is given to girls in the hope that they will bring light, joy and peace to their communities. WASP-62 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Krotoa. Krotoa, a member of the indigenous Khoi people, is considered the Mother of Africa. She was a community builder and educator in the 17th century, during colonial times.
NaosZeta Puppis2.2508h 03m
35.1s
−40° 00′
11.6″
The name is derived from the Greek ναύς, meaning “ship.”
NashiraGamma Capricorni A  3.6721h 40m 05.4563s−16° 39′
44.308″
The name comes from the Arabic sa’d nashirah, meaning “the lucky one” or “the bearer of good news.”
NástiHD 68988 (Ursa Major)8.2108h 18m 22.1727s+61° 27′ 38.5973″
Násti is the word for “star” in the Northern Sami language of Norway. The proposal for the name came from Norway as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 68988 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Albmi, which means “sky” in the Northern Sami language.
NatashaHD 85390 (Vela) 8.5509h 50m 02.4969s–49° 47′ 24.9576″
Natasha means “thank you” in many languages of Zambia. The proposal for the name came from Zambia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 85390 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Madalitso, which means “blessings” in the native language of Nyanja in Zambia.
NekkarBeta Boötis3.48815h 01m 56.76238s+40° 23′ 26.0406″
The name comes from Al Baḳḳār, “the Herdsman.” It was the Arabic name for the constellation Boötes.
Nembus51 Andromedae3.5701h 37m 59.56074s+48° 37′ 41.5798″
The origin of the name is unknown. The name appeared in Johann Bayer’s star atlas Uranometria (1603) and Johann Elert Bode’s Uranographia (1801).
NenqueHD 6434 (Phoenix)7.7101h 04m 40.15037s–39° 29′ 17.5856″
Nenque is the word for the Sun in the language of the indigenous Waorani tribes of the Amazon regions of Ecuador. The proposal for the name came from Ecuador as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 6434 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Eyeke, which means “near” in the language of the Waorani tribes.
NerviaHD 49674 (Auriga) 8.106h 51m
30.514s
+40° 52′
03.92″
Nervia is derived from Nervii, the name of a Belgian Celtic tribe. The proposal for the name came from Belgium as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 49674 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Eburonia, after the Eburones, another prominent Belgian Celtic tribe.
NihalBeta Leporis A  2.8405h 28m 14.72316s−20° 45′ 33.9878″
The name is Arabic for “quenching their thirst.”
NikawiyHD 136418 (Boötes) 7.8815h 19m
07s
+41° 44’
00’’
Nikawiy means “mother” in the indigenous Cree language of Canada. The proposal for the name came from Canada as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 136418 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Awasis, which is the word for “child” in the Cree language.
NosaxaHD 48265 (Puppis) 8.0706h 40m 01.7270s−48° 32′
31.042’’
Nosaxa is the word for “spring” in the Moqoit language. The proposal for the name came from Argentina as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 48265 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Naqaỹa, which means “brother” in the Moqoit language.
NunkiSigma Sagittarii Aa   2.0518h 55m 15.92650s–26° 17′ 48.2068″
The star’s proper name has an Assyrian or Babylonian origin, but its meaning is unknown. The name was recovered by archaeologists and made public by Richard Hinckley Allen in Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning (1899).
NusakanBeta Coronae Borealis A  3.6615h 27m 49.7308s+29° 06′ 20.530″
The star’s traditional name comes from the Arabic al-nasaqān, meaning “the two lines (of stars).” It refers to two asterisms, one formed mostly by Hercules stars and the other by stars in the constellations Serpens and Ophiuchus.
NushagakHD 17156 (Cassiopeia) 8.1702h 49m 44.4867s+71° 45′ 11.6322″
The star was named after a river near Dilingham, Alaska, known for its wild salmon that sustain local indigenous communities. The proposal for the name came from the USA as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 17156 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Mulchatna, after the Mulchatna River, a tributary of the Nushagak River.
NyamienWASP-15 (Centaurus) 10.913h 55m 42.7103s−32° 09′ 34.606″
The star was named after the supreme creator deity in Akan mythology. The proposal for the name came from the Ivory Coast as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-15 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Asye, after the Earth goddess in Akan mythology.
Ogma HD 149026 (Hercules)8.1516h 30m 29.6185s+38° 20′ 50.308″
Ogma was named after the Celtic god of eloquence, writing and physical strength after a public nomination and vote. A planet discovered orbiting, designated HD 149026 b, was named Smertrios, after a Gallic god of war.
Okab Zeta Aquilae A  2.98319h 05m 24.60802s+13° 51′ 48.5182″
Okab comes from the star’s traditional name, Deneb el Okab, derived from the Arabic Dhanab al-ʽuqāb, meaning “the tail of the eagle.” The name refers to the star’s position in the constellation Aquila, the Eagle.
PaikauhaleTau Scorpii A  2.8216h 35m 52.95285s−28° 12′ 57.6615″
The star’s name comes from the Hawaiian paikauhale, meaning “house-to-house wanderer” or “vagabond without a home.”
ParumleoWASP-32 (Pisces) 11.3000h 15m
51s
+01° 12’
02’’
The proposal for the name came from Singapore as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Parumleo is a Latin term for “little lion,” symbolising Singapore’s struggle for independence. WASP-32 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Viculus, which is Latin for “little village” and symbolizes the spirit of the Singaporean people.
PeacockAlpha Pavonis Aa   1.9420h 25m 38.85705s−56° 44′ 06.3230″
The name is the English translation of the constellation’s name (Pavo). It was given to Alpha Pavonis by Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (HMNAO) after the star was included among the 57 navigational stars in The Air Almanac, a navigational almanac for the Royal Air Force. Peacock was one of the two navigational stars that did not have a proper name at the time. Avior, Epsilon Carinae, was the other.
PetraWASP-80 (Aquila) 11.920h 12m
40s
-02° 08’
44’’
The star was named after the historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan, now a UNESCO World Heritage site. The proposal for the name came from Jordan as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-80 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Wadirum, after Wadi Rum (Valley of the Moon), the largest valley in Jordan.
PhactAlpha Columbae2.64505h 39m 38.94103s−34° 04′ 26.7950″
Phact comes from the Arabic fākhitah, meaning “ring dove.” The star is the luminary of the constellation Columba, the Dove.
PhecdaGamma Ursae Majoris Aa2.43811h 53m 49.84732s+53° 41′ 41.1350″
The name comes from the Arabic fakhth al-dubb, meaning “the thigh of the bear.” It refers to the star’s position in Ursa Major.
PherkadGamma Ursae Minoris3.0515h 20m 43.71604s+71° 50′ 02.4596″
The name is derived from the Arabic farqad, meaning “calf,” from the phrase aḫfa al farkadayn, which means “the dim one of the two calves” and refers to Pherkad and the brighter Kochab.
PhoeniciaHD 192263 (Aquila) 7.7920h 13m 59.84551s−00° 52′ 00.7717″
The star was named after an ancient Mediterranean civilization that originated in the Levant, in the area of the modern-day Lebanon. The proposal for the name came from Lebanon as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 192263 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Beirut, which was once a Phoenician port and is now the capital of Lebanon and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.
PiautosLambda Cancri A5.9308h 20m 32.13630s+24° 01′ 20.3198″
Piautos is the name of the lunar station πιαυτος (piautos) to which the star system belonged. The name was listed in a Coptic manuscript, but its origin is unknown.
PincoyaHD 164604 (Sagittarius)9.8318h 03m
06.933s
–28° 33′
38.32″
The star was named after a female water spirit in southern Chilean mythology, who is said to bring drowned sailors to the Caleuche so that they can live in the afterlife. The proposal for the name came from Chile as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 164604 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Caleuche, after the mythical ghost ship that sails the seas around the island of Chiloé at night.
PipirimaMu2 Scorpii A3.5616h 52m 20.14532s−38° 01′ 03.1258″
The name comes from a traditional Tahitian tale of a brother and sister, Pipiri and Rehua, who escaped from their parents by fleeing into the sky and became stars. As the parents followed them, they called them Pipiri ma, the “ma” meaning “et al.” in this context.
PipoltrTrES-3 (Hercules) 12.417h 52m 07.0185s+37° 32′ 46.2370″
The proposal for the name came from Liechtenstein as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. In the local dialect of Triesenberg, Pipoltr is a bright and visible butterfly, alluding to the properties of a star. TrES-3 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Umbäässa, which is a word for a small and barely visible ant in the local dialect of southern Liechtenstein, alluding to the properties of a planet with respect to its star.
Pleione28 Tauri Aa5.04803h 49m 11.2161s24° 08′
12.163″
The name comes from Greek mythology. Pleione is the mother of the Pleiades, the Seven Sisters.
PoeravaHD 221287 (Tucana) 7.8223h 31m 20.33819s−58° 12′ 35.0324″
Poerava is a large mystical black pearl in the Maori language of the Cook Islands. The proposal for the name came from the Cook Islands as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 221287 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Pipitea, after a small white and gold pearl found in the Penrhyn lagoon in the northern group of the Cook Islands.
PolarisAlpha Ursae Minoris Aa1.9802h 31m
49.09s
+89° 15′
50.8″
The name comes from the Latin phrase stella polaris, “polar star.” Polaris is the closest visible star to the north celestial pole.
Polaris AustralisSigma Octantis5.4721h 08m 46.83929s−88° 57′ 23.3966″
Polaris Australis is Latin for “southern pole star.” Sigma Octantis is the closest visible star to the south celestial pole.
PolisMu Sagittarii Aa3.8518h 13m
45.8s
−21° 03′
32″
Polis is the name of the lunar station πολις (polis) to which the system belonged. It is the Greek word for “city.”
PolluxBeta Geminorum  1.1407h 45m 18.94987s+28° 01′ 34.3160″
The star was named after Pollux (Polydeuces), one of the Dioscuri (Twins) in Greek and Roman mythology. The other twin is represented by the star Castor.
PorrimaGamma Virginis A2.7412h 41m 39.64344s–01° 26′ 57.7421″
The name comes from Roman mythology. Porrima (or Antevorta) was a goddess of the future and prophecy.
Praecipua46 Leonis Minoris3.8310h 53m 18.70487s+34° 12′ 53.5375″
Praecipua is Latin for “the chief.” 46 Leonis Minoris is the brightest or “chief” star of the constellation Leo Minor.
Prima HyadumGamma Tauri A3.65404h 19m 47.6037s+15° 37′ 39.512″
Prima Hyadum comes from the star’s traditional name, Hyadum I (Latin for “the First Hyad”).  Gamma Tauri marks the tip of the “V” in the Hyades cluster, which outlines the head of the celestial Bull.
ProcyonAlpha Canis Minoris A0.3407h 39m 18.11950s+05° 13′ 29.9552″
The name comes from the Greek Προκύων (Prokyon), meaning “before the dog.” It refers to the star appearing in the sky before Sirius, the Dog Star.
PropusEta Geminorum A3.15 – 3.9006h 14m
52.657s
+22° 30′
24.48″
The name comes from the Greek word for “forward foot.” The star lies at the foot of Castor, one of the Gemini twins.
Proxima CentauriAlpha Centauri C10.43 – 11.1114h 29m 42.94853s−62° 40′ 46.1631″
The name is Latin for the “nearest (star) of Centaurus.” Proxima Centauri is the nearest known star to the solar system.
Ran  Epsilon Eridani 3.73603h 32m 55.84496s−09° 27′ 29.7312″
The name comes from Norse mythology. Rán is the Norse goddess and personification of the sea. The star was named after a public nomination and vote. A planet orbiting the star, designated Epsilon Eridani b, was named Aegir, after the Norse sea jötunn Ægir, the husband of Rán and personification of the ocean.
RapetoHD 153950 (Scorpius)  7.3817h 04m
30.870s
−43° 18′
35.18″
The star was named after a giant creature in Malagasy mythology. The proposal for the name came from Madagascar as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 153950 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Trimobe, after a rich ogre in Malagasy tales.
RasalasMu Leonis3.8809h 52m 45.81654s+26° 00′ 25.0319″
The name is an abbreviation of the Arabic phrase Ras al Asad al Shamaliyy, meaning “the northern (star) of the lion’s head.”  Mu Leonis is one of the stars that outline the celestial Lion’s mane.
RasalgethiAlpha Herculis Aa3.3517h 14m
38.853s
+14° 23′
25.0″
The traditional name Rasalgethi or Ras Algethi comes from the Arabic phrase ra‘is al-jāthī, meaning “Head of the Kneeler.”
RasalhagueAlpha Ophiuchi A  2.0717h 34m 56.06945s+12° 33′ 36.1346″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase raʼs al-ḥawwāʼ, meaning “the head of the serpent collector.” It is a reference to the constellation Ophiuchus, the Serpent Bearer.
Rastaban  Beta Draconis A  2.7917h 30m 25.96170s+52° 18′ 04.9993″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase ra’s ath-thu’ban, meaning “head of the serpent” or “head of the dragon.”
RegulusAlpha Leonis A1.4010h 08m
22.311s
+11° 58′
01.95″
The name is Latin for “little king” or “prince.”
Revati Zeta Piscium A5.2801h 13m 45.17477s+07° 34′ 31.2745″
The star was named after the Indian nakshatra (lunar mansion) of the same name.
RigelBeta Orionis A0.1305h 14m 32.27210s−08° 12′ 05.8981″
The name is derived from the Arabic word for “leg” or “foot.” It refers to the star’s position in Orion, marking the Hunter’s foot.
Rigil KentaurusAlpha Centauri A0.0114h 39m 36.49400s–60° 50′ 02.3737″
Rigil Kentaurus is a Latinisation of the Arabic ar-Rijl al-Qanṭūris, meaning “the foot of the Centaur.”
RosalíadecastroHD 149143 (Ophiuchus)  7.8916h 32m 51.0508s+02° 05′ 05.3814″
The star was named after Rosalía de Castro, a Galician poet and writer who became an important figure of the Galician Romantic movement in the 19th century. The proposal for the name came from Spain as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 149143 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Riosar, after Rio Sar, a river present in much of Rosalía de Castro’s literary work.
RotanevBeta Delphini A3.61720h 37m 32.94130s+14° 35′ 42.3195″
The names Rotanev (Beta Delphini) and Sualocin (Alpha Delphini) come from Nicolaus Venator (Nicholas Hunter), the Latinized name of the Italian astronomer Niccolò Cacciatore (1770-1841). Written in reverse, they spell out his name.
RuchbahDelta Cassiopeiae Aa2.6801h 25m 48.95147s+60° 14′ 07.0225″
The star’s traditional name comes from the Arabic rukbah, meaning “knee.”
Rukbat Alpha Sagittarii  3.9719h 23m 53.17483s−40° 36′ 57.3705″
The name is derived from the Arabic rukbah, meaning “knee.”
SabikEta Ophiuchi A2.4317h 10m 22.68689s–15° 43′ 29.6639″
The name comes from the Arabic al-sābiq, meaning “the preceding one.”
SaclateniZeta Aurigae A3.7005h 02m 28.68739s+41° 04′ 33.0200″
Saclateni is the Latin name for one of the two haedi (kids) of Capella, the she-goat. The star was also known as Haedus I, and Eta Aurigae (now formally named Haedus) as Haedus II.
SadachbiaGamma Aquarii Aa3.8522h 21m 39.37542s–01° 23′ 14.4031″
The name comes from the Arabic sa‘d al-’axbiyah, meaning “luck of the homes” or “luck of the tents.”
SadalbariMu Pegasi3.51422h 50m 00.19315s+24° 36′ 05.6984″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase for “luck star of the splendid one.”
SadalmelikAlpha Aquarii A2.94222h 05m 47.03593s−00° 19′ 11.4568″
The name is derived from the Arabic sa‘d al-malik, meaning “luck of the king.”
SadalsuudBeta Aquarii A2.8721h 31m 33.53171s–05° 34′ 16.2320″
The name comes from the Arabic sa‘d al-su‘ūd, meaning “the luck of lucks.”
SadrGamma Cygni A2.2320h 22m 13.70184s+40° 15′ 24.0450″
The name is derived from the Arabic ṣadr, meaning “chest.” It refers to the star’s position in the constellation Cygnus, the Swan.
SagarmathaHD 100777 (Leo)  8.4211h 35m 51.5230s−04° 45′ 20.5012″
Sagarmatha is the Nepali name for Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world. The proposal for the name came from Nepal as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 100777 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Laligurans, after the national flower of Nepal, which is the Nepali variation of the rhododendron flower.
SaiphKappa Orionis  2.0905h 47m 45.38884s−09° 40′ 10.5777″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase saif al jabbar, meaning “the sword of the giant.”
Salm Tau Pegasi4.5823h 20m 38.24188s+23° 44′ 25.2098″
SāmayaHD 205739 (Piscis Austrinus) 8.5621h 38m
08.404s
−31° 44′
14.96″
Sāmaya is the word for peace in Sinhalese language. The proposal for the name came from Sri Lanka as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 205739 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Samagiya, which means “togetherness and unity” in Sinhalese.
SansunaHAT-P-34 (Sagitta) 10.4020h 12m
46.885s
+18° 06’
17.42’’
The star was named after a giantess in traditional Maltese folk tales, who carried the stones of the Gozo megalithic temples on her head. The proposal for the name came from Malta as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-34 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Ġgantija, which means “giantess” and is a UNESCO-protected megalithic temple complex from the Neolithic on the island of Gozo.
SargasTheta Scorpii A1.86217h 37m 19.12985s–42° 59′ 52.1808″
The name may come from the Sumerian ŠAR.GAZ, denoting a weapon of the god Marduk.
SarinDelta Herculis Aa3.12617h 15m 01.9106s+24° 50′ 21.135″
Sceptrum53 Eridani A4.0204h 38m 10.82486s−14° 18′ 14.4600″
Sceptrum is Latin for “sceptre.” It is the star’s traditional name and refers to the former constellation that the star belonged to. The constellation, Sceptrum Brandenburgicum, was created by the German astronomer Gottfried Kirch in 1688, but quickly fell into disuse. It lay west of Lepus. 53 Eridani was designated as p Sceptri (Brandenburgici).
ScheatBeta Pegasi2.4223h 03m 46.45746s+28° 04′ 58.0336″
Scheat comes from the Arabic al sā’id, meaning “the upper arm.”
SchedarAlpha Cassiopeiae2.2400h 40m 30.4405s+56° 32′ 14.392″
The name is derived from the Arabic ṣadr, meaning “breast.”
Secunda HyadumDelta Tauri Aa3.77204h 22m 56.09253s+17° 32′ 33.0487″
The name means “the second Hyad” in Latin. The star was also traditionally known as Hyadum II. It is a member of the Hyades cluster.
SeginEpsilon Cassiopeiae  3.3701h 54m 23.72567s+63° 40′ 12.3628″
Segin is the star’s traditional name, possibly originating from a miscopy of Seginus (Gamma Boötis), but the origin of both names is uncertain.
SeginusGamma Boötis Aa3.0314h 32m 04.67180s+38° 18′ 29.7043″
The origin of the name is uncertain, but it has been suggested that it comes from the Latinization of an Arabic form of Theguius, the Greek name for the constellation Boötes.
Sham Alpha Sagittae4.3919h 40m 05.7918540977s+18° 00′ 50.004597761″
The name is derived from the Arabic sahm, meaning “arrow,” which is the former name of the constellation Sagitta.
ShamaHD 99109 (Delphinus) 11.9420h 24m
30s
+16° 45’
44’’
The name is an Urdu literary term for a small lamp or flame. The proposal for the name came from Pakistan as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. A planet orbiting the star was named Perwana, which means “moth” in Urdu.
SharjahHIP 79431 (Scorpius)  11.33716h 12m
41.77s
−18° 52′
31.8″
The star was named after Sharjah, the third largest city and cultural capital of the United Arab Emirates. The proposal for the name came from the United Arab Emirates as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HIP 79431 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Barajeel, after a wind tower used to direct the flow of the wind and recirculate air as a form of air conditioning.
ShaulaLambda Scorpii Aa 1.6217h 33m
36.520s
−37° 06′
13.76″
The star’s traditional name comes from the Arabic al-šawlā´, meaning “the raised (tail).” It refers to the tail of Scorpius.
SheliakBeta Lyrae Aa1   3.5218h 50m 04.79525s+33° 21′ 45.6100″
The name comes from the Arabic šiliyāq, one of the names of the constellation Lyra.
SheratanBeta Arietis A  2.65501h 54m 38.41099s+20° 48′ 28.9133″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase aš-šaraţān, meaning “the two signs.” It is a reference to Sheratan and Mesarthim having marked the northern vernal equinox several thousand years ago.
Sika HD 181720 (Sagittarius)  7.8419h 22m
52.99s
–32° 55′
08.6″
The proposal for the name came from Ghana as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. Sika means “gold” in the Ewe language and gold is one of the country’s principal exports. HD 181720 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Toge, which means “earring” in the Ewe language.
SiriusAlpha Canis Majoris A    -1.4606h 45m
08.917s
−16° 42′
58.02″
The name comes from the Greek Σείριος (Seirios), meaning “scorching” or “glowing.”
SitulaKappa Aquarii A5.0322h 37m 45.38049s–04° 13′ 40.9939″
The name comes from the Latin word for “bucket” or “water jar.”
Skat Delta Aquarii A3.2822h 54m 39.0125s−15° 49′ 14.953″
The name is derived from the Arabic al-sāq, meaning “shin.”
SolarisBD+14 4559 (Pegasus) 9.6321h 13m 35.9901s+14° 41′ 21.7846″
The star was named after the 1961 science fiction novel about an ocean-covered exoplanet, written by Polish writer Stanislaw Lem. The proposal for the name came from Poland as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. BD+14 4559 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Pirx, after a fictional character in Stanislaw Lem’s science fiction stories.
SpicaAlpha Virginis Aa0.9713h 25m
11.579s
−11° 09′
40.75″
The name comes from the Latin spīca virginis, meaning “the virgin’s ear of grain”
SterrennachtHAT-P-6 (Andromeda)  10.4723h 39m 05.8101s +42° 27′ 57.5034″
The star was named after The Starry Night, the world-famous painting by Dutch grand master Vincent van Gogh. The proposal for the name came from the Netherlands as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-6 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Nachtwacht, after The Night Watch, a famous painting by Dutch grand master Rembrandt.
StriborHD 75898 (Lynx) 8.0308h 53m 50.8053s+33° 03′ 24.5230″
The star was named after the Slavic god of the winds, air and sky. The proposal for the name came from Croatia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 75898 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Veles, after the Slavic god of earth, waters and the underworld.
SualocinAlpha Delphini Aa3.77720h 39m 38.28720s+15° 54′ 43.4637″
The names Sualocin (Alpha Delphini) and Rotanev (Beta Delphini) come from Nicolaus Venator (Nicholas Hunter), the Latinized name of the Italian astronomer Niccolò Cacciatore (1770-1841), written in reverse.
SubraOmicron Leonis Aa3.5209h 41m
09.03s
+09° 53′
32.30″
Subra comes from the Arabic zubra, referring to the upper part of the back.
SuhailLambda Velorum2.2109h 07m 59.75787s−43° 25′ 57.3273″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase Al Suhail al Wazn. Suhail means “smooth plain” and is a common Arabic name, and Wazn means “weight.” Persian astronomer Al Sufi, who used the name, referred to the star’s rising with difficulty from the horizon.
SulafatGamma Lyrae 3.26118h 58m 56.62241s+32° 41′ 22.4003″
The name is derived from the Arabic al-sulḥafāt, meaning “turtle.”
SyrmaIota Virginis4.0814h 16m 00.86951s−06° 00′ 01.9633″
The name comes from the Arabic sirmā, meaning “train (of a garment).”
TabitPi3 Orionis  3.1604h 49m 50.41091s+06° 57′ 40.5883″
Tabit comes from the Arabic al-thābit, meaning “the endurer” or “the fixed/constant one.”
TaikaHAT-P-40 (Lacerta)  11.3422h 22m
03s
+45° 27’
27’’
The name means “peace” in Lithuanian. The proposal for the name came from Lithuania as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-40 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Vytis, which is the symbol of the Lithuanian coat of arms.
TaiyangshouChi Ursae Majoris3.7211h 46m 3.01407s+47° 46′ 45.8626″
Taiyangshou comes from the star’s traditional Chinese name, Tai Yang Show, meaning “the Sun Governor.”
Taiyi8 Draconis5.22512h 55m 28.550015s+65° 26′ 18.5079″
Taiyi is the star’s traditional Chinese name, derived from 太乙 (Tài Yǐ) or 太一 (Tài Yī), meaning “the Great One” and referring to Tao.
TalithaIota Ursae Majoris Aa3.1408h 59m 12.45362s+48° 02′ 30.5741″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase Al Fiḳrah al Thalitha, meaning “the third leap of the gazelle.” The star is part of an asterism known as Three Leaps of the Gazelle, formed by three pairs of stars in Ursa Major.
Tangra WASP-21 (Pegasus)  11.5823h 09m
58.25s
+18° 23′
45.9″
The star was named after a deity worshipped by the early Bulgars. The proposal for the name came from Bulgaria as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-21 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Bendida, after the Great Mother Goddess of the Thracians.
Tania AustralisMu Ursae Majoris A3.0610h 22m 19.73976s+41° 29′ 58.2691″
Tania is derived from the Arabic Al Fiḳrah al Thānia, meaning “the second leap (of the gazelle)” and Australis is Latin for “southern.”  The star is part of an asterism known as Three Leaps of the Gazelle, formed by three pairs of stars in Ursa Major.
Tania BorealisLambda Ursae Majoris A  3.4510h 17m 05.78287s+42° 54′ 51.6808″
Tania is derived from the Arabic Al Fiḳrah al Thānia, meaning “the second leap (of the gazelle)” and Borealis is Latin for “northern.”  The star is part of an asterism known as Three Leaps of the Gazelle, formed by three pairs of stars in Ursa Major.
TapecueHD 63765 (Carina) 8.1007h 47m
49.719s
−54° 15′
50.93″
The name means “eternal path” in Guarani and represents the Milky Way through which the first inhabitants of the Earth arrived and could return. The proposal for the name came from Bolivia as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 63765 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Yvaga, which means “paradise” in Guarani. In local lore, the Milky Way was known as the road to Yvaga.
TarazedGamma Aquilae2.71219h 46m 15.58029s+10° 36′ 47.7408″
The name may come from the Persian šāhin tarāzu, meaning “the beam of the scale.” The Scale was an asterism formed by Altair, Tarazed and Alshain.
TarfBeta Cancri A  3.5308h 16m 30.9206s+09° 11′ 07.961″
The name comes from the Arabic al tarf, meaning “end” or “edge.”
Taygeta19 Tauri Aa4.3003h 45m 12.49578s+ 24° 28′ 02.2097″
Taygeta was named after one of the Pleiades, the Seven Sisters in Greek mythology.
Tegmine   Zeta¹ Cancri A4.6708h 12m
12.7s
+17° 38′
52″
The star’s traditional name means “shell” and refers to the shell of the crab.
TejatMu Geminorum Aa2.85706h 22m 57.62686s+22° 30′ 48.8979″
The name is derived from the Arabic word tiḥyāt, of uncertain meaning.
TerebellumOmega Sagittarii A  4.7019h 55m 50.36255s−26° 17′ 57.6933″
The star was named after the asterism it formed with 59, 60 and 62 Sagittarii.
TevelHAT-P-9 (Auriga) 12.3407h 20m 40.4562s+37° 08′ 26.3428″
Tevel means “the universe,” “world,” or “everything” in Hebrew and begins with the letter Taf, the last letter in the Hebrew alphabet. The proposal for the name came from Israel as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-9 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Alef, which is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and also means “bull.”
TheeminUpsilon² Eridani3.80404h 35m 33.03834s−30° 33′ 44.4297″
The star was known by the traditional names Beemim (or Beemin) and Theemin (or Theemin), but the origin of the names is uncertain. It has been suggested that Theemin comes from a misreading and corruption of Ptolemy’s description of the star as “the bend (of the river).”
ThubanAlpha Draconis A3.645214h 04m 23.3498s+ 64° 22′ 33.062″
The name comes from the Arabic word thuʿbān, meaning “a large snake.”
TiakiBeta Gruis  2.14622h 42m 40.05027s−46° 53′ 04.4752″
Tiaki is the star’s traditional Tuamotuan name.
TianguanZeta Tauri A  3.01005h 37m 38.68542s+21° 08′ 33.1588″
Tianguan is the star’s traditional Chinese name. It means “Celestial Gate.”
Tianyi7 Draconis5.4312h 47m 34.34473s+66° 47′ 25.0977″
Tianyi is the star’s traditional Chinese name, originally 天乙 (Tiān Yǐ) or 天一 (Tiān Yī), meaning “the celestial great one” and referring to a Taoist deity.
TimirHD 148427 (Ophiuchus)  6.90316h 28m
28.151s
–13° 23′
58.69″
Timir is Bengali for “darkness.” The proposal for the name came from Bangladesh as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 148427 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Tondra, which means “nap” in Bengali, alluding to the symbolic notion that the planet was asleep until discovered.
Tislit WASP-161 (Puppis) 11.0908h 25m
21.1s
-11° 30’
04’’
The star was named after a lake near the town of Imilchil in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco. The word means “the bride” in the Amazigh language and is associated with a heartbroken beautiful girl in an ancient local legend. The proposal for the name came from Morocco as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-161 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Isli, after a different lake near Imilchil in the Atlas Mountains. The name means “the groom” in the Amazigh language and is associated with a heartbroken handsome boy in the legend.
TitawinUpsilon Andromedae A4.1001h 36m 47.84216s+41° 24′ 19.6443″
The star and three planets orbiting it were named after a public nomination and vote. Titawin is the Berber form of Tétouan, a city in northern Morocco. The city’s old town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The planets orbiting the star were named Saffar, Samh and Majriti, after the 10th and 11th century astronomers Ibn al-Saffar, Ibn al-Samh, and Maslama al-Majriti.
Tojil  WASP-22 (Eridanus)  12.003h 31m
16s
-23° 49’
11’’
The star was named after the Mayan god of fire, the sun, rain, war, and sacrifice. The proposal for the name came from Guatemala as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. WASP-22 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Koyopa’, which is a word associated with lightning in Kʼiche Mayan language.
TolimanAlpha Centauri B1.3314h 39m 35.06311s–60° 50′ 15.0992″
The name is derived from the Arabic aẓ-Ẓalīmān, meaning “the two (male) ostriches.” It is one of the traditional names of the Alpha Centauri system.
TonatiuhHD 104985 (Camelopardalis)5.7912h 05m
15.119s
+76° 54′
20.65″
The star was named after a public nomination and vote. An extrasolar system discovered orbiting it was named Meztli. The star and the planet were named after the Aztec god of the Sun (Tonatiuh) and goddess of the Moon (Meztli).
TorcularOmicron Piscium A4.2701h 45m 23.63185s+09° 09′ 27.8530″
Torcular comes from the traditional name Torcularis Septentrionalis, which is Latin for the “northern press.”
Tuiren HAT-P-36 (Canes Venatici)  12.2612h 33m
03.909s
+44° 54’
55.18’’
The star was named after the aunt of the hunter-warrior Fionn mac Cumhaill of Irish legend, who was turned into a hound by the jealous fairy Uchtdealbh. The proposal for the name came from Ireland as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HAT-P-36 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Bran, after Tuiren’s son, who was a hound and cousin of Fionn mac Cumhaill. The mythological dogs are a reference to the constellation Canes Venatici, the Hunting Dogs.
Tupã HD 108147 (Crux) 6.99412h 25m 46.2673s−64° 01′ 19.516″
The star was named after the supreme god and creator or light and the universe in the Guaraní creation myth. The proposal for the name came from Paraguay as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 108147 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Tumearandu, after Tumé Arandú, a son of Rupavê and Sypavê, the original man and woman of the Universe. Tumé Arandú is known as “the father of wisdom” in the Guarani culture and popular Paraguayan folklore.
Tupi HD 23079 (Reticulum) 7.1203h 39m 43.0961s−52° 54′ 57.0161″
The star was named after the Tupi people, one of the most numerous indigenous groups in Brazil. The proposal for the name came from Brazil as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 23079 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Guarani, after the most populous indigenous people living in South Brazil and parts of Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.
TureisRho Puppis A    2.7808h 07m 32.64882s−24° 18′ 15.5679″
Tureis comes from the Arabic turays, a diminutive for “shield.”
UkdahIota Hydrae3.9109h 39m 51.36145s−01° 08′ 34.1135″
The name is derived from the Arabic ʽuqdah, meaning “knot.”
UklunHD 102117 (Centaurus)  7.4711h 44m
50.461s
–58° 42′
13.36″
The name means “us” or “we” in the Pitkern language of the people of Pitcairn Islands. The proposal for the name came from the Pitcairn Islands as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 102117 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Leklsullun, which means “child” or “children” in the Pitkern language.
UnukalhaiAlpha Serpentis2.62315h 44m 16.07431s+06° 25′ 32.2633″
Unukalhai comes from the Arabic ʽunuq al-ḥayyah, meaning “the serpent’s neck.”
UnurguniteSigma Canis Majoris3.43 – 3.5107h 01m 43.14779s–27° 56′ 05.3898″
In the culture of the Boorong people of northwest Victoria in Australia, the star is identified with the nganurganity, the jacky lizard (or jacky dragon), an ancestral figure who fights the moon. Unurgunite is a 19th-century transcription of nganurganity.
Uruk HD 231701 (Sagitta)8.9719h 32m 04.1610s+16° 28′ 27.4411″
The star was named after Uruk, an ancient city of the Sumer and Babylonian civilizations in Mesopotamia, situated along an ancient channel of the river Euphrates in modern-day Iraq. The proposal for the name came from Iraq as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 231701 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Babylonia, after the kingdom in ancient Mesopotamia from the 18th to 6th centuries BCE, whose name-giving capital city was built on the Euphrates River.
VegaAlpha Lyrae   0.02618h 36m 56.33635s+38° 47′ 01.2802″
The name is a loose transliteration of the Arabic wāqi‘ (“falling” or “landing”), from the phrase an-nasr al-wāqi‘, meaning “the falling eagle.”
Veritate14 Andromedae A  5.2223h 31m 17.41273s+39° 14′ 10.3105″
Veritate is the ablative form of veritas, the Latin word for “truth,” and means “where there is truth.” The name was given to the star after a public nomination and vote. An exoplanet orbiting the star was named Spe, which is the ablative of spes (“hope”) and means “where there is hope.”
VindemiatrixEpsilon Virginis2.82613h 02m 10.59785s+10° 57′ 32.9415″
The name comes from Greek through the Latin vindēmiātrix, meaning “the grape-harvestress.”
WasatDelta Geminorum Aa  3.5307h 20m 07.37978s+21° 58′ 56.3377″
The name comes from the Arabic word for “middle.”
Wazn Beta Columbae3.10505h 50m 57.5929s−35° 46′ 05.9152″
The name is derived from the Arabic word for “weight.”
WezenDelta Canis Majoris Aa  1.82407h 08m 23.48608s−26° 23′ 35.5474″
The name comes from the Arabic al-wazn, meaning “weight.”
WurrenZeta Phoenicis Aa  4.0201h 08m
23.08s
–55° 14′
44.7″
The name means “child” in the language of the Wardaman people of the Northern Territory in Australia, but here it refers to a “Little Fish,” marked by the star next to Achernar. Achernar represents an echidna or porcupine to whom the fish brings water.
XamidimuraMu1 Scorpii Aa  3.0016h 51m 52.23111s−38° 02′ 50.5694″
The name comes from the phrase xami di mûra, which means “the (two) eyes of the lion” in the Khoekhoe language of Namibia, Botswana and South Africa.
Xihe HD 173416 (Lyra) 6.05718h 43m
36.110s
+36° 33′
23.78″
The star was named after Xihe (羲和), the goddess of the sun in Chinese mythology, who also represents the earliest astronomers and developers of calendars in ancient China. The proposal for the name came from Nanjing as part of the 2019 IAU100 NameExoWorlds campaign, and the star was named after a public nomination and vote. HD 173416 b, a planet orbiting the star, was named Wangshu, after Wangshu (望舒), the goddess who drives for the Moon and also represents the Moon in Chinese mythology.
XuangeLambda Boötis4.1814h 16m 23.01880s+46° 05′ 17.9005
The name comes from the Chinese name 玄戈 (Xuángē), Sombre Lance, an asterism in which Lambda Boötis is the sole star.
Yed PosteriorEpsilon Ophiuchi3.2216h 18m 19.28974s–04° 41′ 33.0345″
The name comes from the Arabic yad, meaning “hand.” Epsilon and Delta Ophiuchi (Yed Prior) form the left hand of the Serpent Bearer (Ophiuchus) that holds the head of the serpent (Serpens Caput). Epsilon is Yed Posterior because it follows Delta across the sky.
Yed PriorDelta Ophiuchi2.7516h 14m 20.73853s–03° 41′ 39.5612″
The name comes from the Arabic yad, meaning “hand.” Delta and Epsilon Ophiuchi (Yed Posterior) form the left hand of the Serpent Bearer (Ophiuchus) that holds the head of the serpent (Serpens Caput). Delta is Yed Prior because it leads Epsilon across the sky.
YildunDelta Ursae Minoris4.3617h 32m 12.99671s86° 35′ 11.2584″
Yildun comes from the Turkish yıldız, meaning “star.”
ZaniahEta Virginis Aa   3.8912h 19m 54.35783s–00° 40′ 00.5095″
The name comes from the Arabic zāwiyah, meaning “corner.”
ZaurakGamma Eridani2.9703h 58m 01.76695s−13° 30′ 30.6698″
The name is Arabic for “boat.”
Zavijava   Beta Virginis3.60411h 50m 41.71824s+01° 45′ 52.9910″
The name is derived from the Arabic phrase zāwiyat al-cawwa’, which means “the corner of the barking (dog).”
ZhangUpsilon1 Hydrae A      4.1209h 51m 28.69384s−14° 50′ 47.7710″
The name comes from the Chinese name for the asterism Extended Net, 張宿 (Zhāng Xiù), formed by Upsilon1 Hydrae with Lambda Hydrae, Mu Hydrae, Kappa Hydrae, Phi1 Hydrae and HIP 49321.
ZibalZeta Eridani Aa     4.8003h 15m 50.02656s−08° 49′ 11.0220″
The name comes from a misreading of the Arabic riʼal, meaning “ostrich chicks.”
ZosmaDelta Leonis2.5611h 14m 06.50142s20° 31′ 25.3853″
The name comes from the Greek word for “loin cloth.”
ZubenelgenubiAlpha2 Librae Aa2.74114h 50m 52.71309s–16° 02′ 30.3955″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase al-zubānā al-janūbiyy, meaning “the southern claw.” It refers to the claw of the scorpion. In ancient times, Libra stars were seen as the Claws of the Scorpion.
ZubenelhakrabiGamma Librae A3.9115h 35m 31.57881s−14° 47′ 22.3278″
The name is derived from the Arabic Zuban al-ʿAqrab, meaning “the claws of the scorpion.”
ZubeneschamaliBeta Librae2.6115h 17m 00.41382s−09° 22′ 58.4919″
The name comes from the Arabic phrase al-zubānā al-šamāliyy, which means “the northern claw.”